In this work, the effect of applying different approximations for the scattering phase function on radiative heat transfer in pulverized coal combustion is investigated. Isotropic scattering, purely forward scattering and a d-Eddington approximation are compared with anisotropic scattering based on Mie theory calculations. To obtain suitable forward scattering factors for the d-Eddington approximation, a calculation procedure based on Mie theory is introduced to obtain the forward scattering factors as a function of temperature, particle size and size of the scattering angle. Also, an analytical expression for forward scattering factors is presented. The influence of the approximations on wall heat flux and radiative source term in a heat transfer calculation is compared for combustion chambers of varying size. Two numerical models are applied: A model based on the Discrete Transfer Method, representing the reference solution and a model based on the Finite Volume method to also investigate the validity of the obtained results with a method often applied in commercial CFD programs. The results show that modeling scattering as purely forward or isotropic is not sufficient in coal combustion simulations. The influence of anisotropic scattering on heat transfer can be well described with a d-Eddington approximation and properly calculated forward scattering factors. Results obtained with both numerical methods show good agreement and give the same tendencies for the applied scattering approximations.
**TOPICS:**
Scattering (Physics), Combustion, Anisotropy, Radiation scattering, Electromagnetic scattering, Thermal radiation, Coal, Modeling, Approximation, Heat transfer, Radiative heat transfer, Combustion chambers, Computer simulation, Simulation, Finite volume methods, Particle size, Heat flux, Computational fluid dynamics, Engineering simulation, Numerical analysis, Temperature