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RESEARCH PAPERS

A Comparison of Predicted and Measured Friction Factors for Turbulent Flow Through Rectangular Ducts

[+] Author and Article Information
J. P. Hartnett, J. C. Y. Koh, S. T. McComas

Heat Transfer Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minn.

J. Heat Transfer 84(1), 82-88 (Feb 01, 1962) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3684299 History: Received August 15, 1960

Abstract

The friction coefficient for both laminar and turbulent flow through rectangular channels was analytically and experimentally studied. The analytic expression for the pressure loss in fully established laminar flow was verified by experiment. In turbulent flow, the method of Deissler and Taylor was used to calculate the friction coefficient. The calculated and measured results were in agreement for ducts having large aspect ratios. At aspect ratios less than 5:1, the predicted values of the friction factors were lower than the experimental data, with a maximum difference of 12 per cent evident for the square duct. It was found that the circular-tube correlation accurately predicts the friction coefficient for flow through rectangular ducts of any aspect ratio for Reynolds numbers between 6 × 103 and 5 × 105 . Hydrodynamic entrance-length results are also presented in the laminar and turbulent flow ranges for both a smooth and an abrupt entrance configuration.

Copyright © 1962 by ASME
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