Measurements of Burnout Conditions for Flow of Boiling Water in a Vertical Annulus

[+] Author and Article Information
K. M. Becker, G. Hernborg

Aktiebolaget Atomenergi, Studsvik, Tystberga, Sweden

J. Heat Transfer 86(3), 393-404 (Aug 01, 1964) (12 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3688706 History: Received December 12, 1962


The present paper deals with measurements of burnout conditions for flow of boiling water in an annulus with an inner diameter of 9.92 mm, an outer diameter of 17.42 mm, and a heated length of 608 mm. Data were obtained in respect of external heating only, internal heating only, and dual uniform and nonuniform heating. The following ranges of variables were studied and 978 burnout measurements were obtained. Pressure: 8.5 < p < 37.5 kg/cm2 ; Inlet subcooling: 60 < Δtsub < 205 deg C; Steam quality: 0.10 < x < 0.91; Inner surface heat flux: 0 < (q/A)i < 303 W/cm2 ; Outer surface heat flux: 0 < (q/A)0 < 374 W/cm2 ; Mass velocity: 71 < ṁ/F < 961 kg/m2 sec. The results are presented in diagrams where the burnout steam qualities, xBO , were plotted against the pressure with the surface heat fluxes as parameters. The data have been correlated by curves. The scatter of the data around the curves is less than ±5 percent. In the case of equal heat fluxes on both walls of the annulus, burnout always occurred on the inner wall, and the data compared rather well with round duct data. When the annulus was heated internally only, the data showed very low burnout values in comparison with the results for dual heating and round ducts. This disagreement was explained by considering the climbing film flow model and by the fact that only a fraction of the channel perimeter was heated. For external heating the data are somewhat lower than corresponding round duct data, but rather high in comparison with internal heating. The climbing film flow model was also used to interpret this observation. For dual nonuniform heating it was found that the outer surface may be overloaded from 30 to 70 percent compared with the inner surface without reducing the margin of safety in respect to burnout for the annulus. It was further observed that when the heat flux for the wall on which burnout occurs is increased, the burnout steam quality for the channel decreases. If, however, the heat flux for the opposite wall is increased, the burnout steam quality also increases. It was also observed that the highest burnout values are obtained when burnout occurs simultaneously on both cylinders. Finally, the results have been compared with annuli and rod cluster data in published works, and a method for predicting burnout conditions in rod clusters has been proposed.

Copyright © 1964 by ASME
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