Heat Transfer by Natural Convection in Liquids Confined by Two Parallel Plates Which Are Inclined at Various Angles With Respect to the Horizontal

[+] Author and Article Information
D. Dropkin, E. Somerscales

Department of Thermal Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y.

J. Heat Transfer 87(1), 77-82 (Feb 01, 1965) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3689057 History: Received May 08, 1964


This paper presents results of an experimental investigation of convective heat transfer in liquids confined by two parallel plates and inclined at various angles with respect to the horizontal. The experiments covered a range of Rayleigh numbers between 5(10)4 and 7.17(10)8 , and Prandtl numbers between 0.02 and 11,560. Tests were made in rectangular and circular containers having copper plates and insulating walls. The liquids used were water, silicone oils, and mercury. The test results indicate that the heat transfer coefficients for all liquids investigated at the various angles, from horizontal to vertical, may be determined from the relationship

Nu = C(Ra)1/3(Pr)0.074
The constant, C, is a function of the angle of inclination. It varies from C = 0.069 for the horizontal case when heated from below to C = 0.049 for the vertical case. For the test cells used, no effect on the Nusselt number had been detected for the vertical case by the change of the ratio of height of cell to distance between plates. The ratio for these tests was varied from 4.41 to 16.56.

Copyright © 1965 by ASME
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