Sudden Contraction Losses in Two-Phase Flow

[+] Author and Article Information
G. E. Geiger, W. M. Rohrer

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pa.

J. Heat Transfer 88(1), 1-8 (Feb 01, 1966) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3691463 History: Received May 12, 1965


The experimentally determined pressure drops due to a sudden contraction in two-phase flow in round pipes is given as a function of system pressure, flowing mixture quality, contraction area ratio, and mass velocity. The theoretical equation derived for the resulting pressure drop is

ΔPc = G322gcρ [1 − σ2 + KTPC]
where K TPC is a parameter independent of mass velocity. This parameter was evaluated for three different two-phase flow models. It is shown that the fog-flow (homogeneous) model gives the best correlation of data over the whole range of conditions studied. The range of pressures studied was 200–500 psia; the area ratios varied from 0.144 to 0.398; the mass velocity varied from 0.52 × 106 to 4.82 × 106 lb/hr-ft2 . The fluid used in this study was water.

Copyright © 1966 by ASME
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