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RESEARCH PAPERS

The Effect of Liquid Solidification in a Tube Upon Laminar-Flow Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop

[+] Author and Article Information
R. D. Zerkle

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio

J. E. Sunderland

School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Ga.

J. Heat Transfer 90(2), 183-189 (May 01, 1968) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3597471 History: Received February 16, 1967; Online August 25, 2011

Abstract

The effect of liquid solidification at the inner surface of a circular tube upon laminar-flow heat transfer and pressure drop is investigated. Steady-state conditions and a uniform wall temperature, which is lower than the liquid freezing temperature, are assumed. Theoretical solutions for heat transfer, radius of the liquid-solid interface, and pressure drop are determined assuming negligible free convection. Experimentation shows that free convection may produce considerable deviations between theoretical and observed results. A semiempirical method for obtaining approximate solutions is developed. A numerical example which demonstrates how free convection affects the solid-phase shell profile is presented.

Copyright © 1968 by ASME
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