0
RESEARCH PAPERS

An Experimental Study of Turbulent Natural Convection Boundary Layers

[+] Author and Article Information
G. C. Vliet, C. K. Liu

Aerospace Sciences Laboratory, Lockheed Palo Alto Research Laboratory, Palo Alto, Calif.

J. Heat Transfer 91(4), 517-531 (Nov 01, 1969) (15 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3580236 History: Received September 13, 1968; Revised January 27, 1969; Online August 25, 2011

Abstract

An experimental investigation on turbulent natural convection boundary layers has been conducted with water on a vertical plate of constant heat flux. Local heat transfer data are presented for laminar, transition, and turbulent natural convection, with the emphasis on the turbulent regime. The data extend to a modified Rayleigh number of 1016 for a threefold range in Prandtl number. The results indicate that natural transition occurs in the range 1012 < Ra* < 1014 ; i.e., fully developed turbulent flow occurs by Ra* = 104 . This latter value can be as low as 2 × 1013 with the use of a trip rod. The physical structure of the turbulent boundary-layer flow was studied using the combined time-streak marker hydrogen bubble method. Temperature data and temperature corrected velocity data obtained by hot-film sensors are presented for Ra* values between 8.7 × 1013 and 7.1 × 1014 . For the range of variables investigated, the major conclusions are (a) the local heat transfer coefficient exhibits a slight decrease with length, (b) confirmation that the vortex street layer in the transition region decays into a longitudinal-vortex-type structure, and (c) the outer portion of the thermal and velocity fields can be approximated by power profiles that fit almost all the data available to date.

Copyright © 1969 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Figures

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In