The Effect of Swirl, Inlet Conditions, Flow Direction, and Tube Diameter on the Heat Transfer to Fluids at Supercritical Pressure

[+] Author and Article Information
B. Shiralkar

General Electric Co., San Jose, Calif.

P. Griffith

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass.

J. Heat Transfer 92(3), 465-471 (Aug 01, 1970) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3449690 History: Received June 06, 1969; Online August 11, 2010


An investigation has been made of the factors governing the heat transfer coefficient to supercritical pressure fluids, particularly at high heat fluxes. The deterioration in heat transfer to supercritical carbon dioxide has been experimentally studied with reference to the operating conditions of mass velocity and heat flux, tube diameter, orientation, tape induced swirl, inlet temperature, and pressure. A detailed comparison has been made with the apparently contradictory results of other investigators, and operating regions, in which the heat transfer coefficient behaves differently, have been defined. The terms used to describe these regions are the Reynolds number, a heat-flux parameter, and a free-convection parameter.

Copyright © 1970 by ASME
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