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RESEARCH PAPERS

The Distortion of Turbulent Velocity and Temperature Profiles on Heating, for Mercury in a Vertical Pipe

[+] Author and Article Information
H. O. Buhr, A. D. Carr

University of Cape Town, South Africa

E. A. Horsten

University of Stellenbosch, South Africa

J. Heat Transfer 96(2), 152-158 (May 01, 1974) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3450156 History: Received July 30, 1973; Online August 11, 2010

Abstract

Measurements were made in mercury, for turbulent flow and constant flux heating in a vertical pipe, in order to determine the extent to which the velocity and temperature distributions are affected by buoyancy forces. With increasing heat flux, velocity profiles at Reynolds numbers of 20,000 to 60,000 were found to be markedly distorted in comparison with the isothermal velocity profile. Even very low heat input caused significant distortion, while at high heat input a limiting profile shape was approached, with the center velocity well below the mean and the maximum occurring in the vicinity of the wall. Eddy diffusivities of heat and momentum calculated from the measured profiles exhibit a considerable variation with heat input, indicating that buoyancy forces not only change the radial shear stress distribution but also alter the nature of the turbulence in the pipe.

Copyright © 1974 by ASME
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