Convective Heat Transfer From a Desert Surface

[+] Author and Article Information
R. T. Bailey, J. W. Mitchell, W. A. Beckman

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisc.

J. Heat Transfer 97(1), 104-109 (Feb 01, 1975) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3450256 History: Received April 15, 1974; Online August 11, 2010


The convective heat transfer relations for atmospheric flow over sparsely vegetated areas are reviewed and compared to existing relations for flow in rough ducts. Experimental convection coefficients obtained at four desert sites are compared to the analytical relations. The experimental equipment for measuring the heat transfer convection coefficient between air and ground in a desert environment consists of two electrically heated plates positioned flush with the ground. Measurements of power dissipation and surface temperatures allow direct calculation of the convection coefficient. The experimental heat transfer results are correlated with micrometeorological models from which a soil roughness height is calculated. This roughness parameter is shown to characterize air flow near the soil surface, and may be significantly different from the roughness parameter ordinarily determined from velocity profiles. A simplified heat transfer correlation is presented for desert surfaces.

Copyright © 1975 by ASME
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