The Modeling of a Thermosyphon Type Permafrost Protection Device

[+] Author and Article Information
R. L. Reid, J. S. Tennant, K. W. Childs

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Department, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tenn.

J. Heat Transfer 97(3), 382-386 (Aug 01, 1975) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3450383 History: Received March 24, 1975; Online August 11, 2010


One promising device for protection of permafrost is the concentric tube thermosyphon. In the winter, the difference in temperature between the annulus and the tube provides a buoyant driving force to move the air down the tube and up the annulus. The resultant heat transfer freezes and subcools the permafrost. The paper describes in detail the flow and heat transfer by solving the boundary layer equations for velocity and temperature considering conduction and radiation at the boundaries. The predicted thermosyphon performance is compared with experimental data. The results for heat removal rate are generally within 10–20 percent.

Copyright © 1975 by ASME
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