Scaling of Heat Exchanger Tubes by Calcium Carbonate

[+] Author and Article Information
A. P. Watkinson, O. Martinez

Department of Chemical Engineering, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B. C. Canada

J. Heat Transfer 97(4), 504-508 (Nov 01, 1975) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3450419 History: Received June 12, 1975; Online August 11, 2010


Scaling of copper heat exchanger tubes has been studied under conditions that promote rapid and severe scaling. Artificially hardened water of high dissolved and suspended solids is recirculated through a heated test section operated at constant steam temperature. The effects of flow velocity, tube diameter, and bulk temperature on the asymptotic fouling resistance have been determined. Results are interpreted in terms of mathematical models of the scaling process.

Copyright © 1975 by ASME
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