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RESEARCH PAPERS

Effect of Molecular Gas Radiation on a Planar, Two-Dimensional, Turbulent-Jet-Diffusion Flame

[+] Author and Article Information
R. K. James, D. K. Edwards

Energy and Kinetics Department, School of Engineering, UCLA, Los Angeles, Calif.

J. Heat Transfer 99(2), 221-226 (May 01, 1977) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3450672 History: Received November 03, 1976; Online August 11, 2010

Abstract

Non-gray radiation described by the exponential model for molecular gas bands was added to the numerical solution of turbulent combustion of methane in a planar, enclosed, jet-diffusion flame. The planar jet of methane is injected with velocity ufuel into a stream of air flowing with velocity uair parallel to the fuel. Diffusion-controlled combustion occurs in the mixing region of the jet. Plane-parallel, isothermal, black walls symmetrically located above and below the jet form the combustion chamber. A soot-free flame is assumed to exist so that molecular gas bands determine the thermal radiative transfer to the walls. Velocity, composition, and temperature fields and heat flux at the wall are obtained numerically. Approximately 40 percent of the requisite computation time is expended on the radiation calculation. Solutions are obtained to show the effect of channel size, air preheat, and product recirculation. Also the effect of reaction zone thickness was examined by varying an effective first Damköhler or mixing number which parameterizes the mixing-controlled reaction rate. It is found that a given reduction in maximum combustion temperature to reduce nitric oxide formation can be accomplished with a much less detrimental reduction on heat transfer by recirculating exhaust product into the combustion air than by reducing air preheat.

Copyright © 1977 by ASME
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