Determination of Void Fraction, Incipient Point of Boiling, and Initial Point of Net Vapor Generation in Sodium-Heated Helically Coiled Steam Generator Tubes

[+] Author and Article Information
H. C. Ünal

Central Technical Institute TNO, P.O. Box 342, Apeldoorn, The Netherlands

J. Heat Transfer 100(2), 268-274 (May 01, 1978) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3450794 History: Received August 12, 1977; Online August 11, 2010


Void fraction was measured with high-speed photography in a 26.7 m and a 40.1 m long, sodium-heated helically coiled steam generator tube of 0.018 m ID. The ratio of coil diameter to tube diameter was 38.9. The operating conditions for the tests were as follows: Pressure: 4–18 MN/m2 , mass velocity: 429–1518 kg/m2 s, heat flux: 0.013–0.42 MW/m2 , outlet subcooling: 0.3–12.5 K, outlet steam quality: 0.000032–0.075. For vapor volumetric rate ratios greater than 0.4, the so-called distribution parameter is not affected by centrifugal forces, and is equal to 0.875. For vapor volumetric rate ratios smaller than 0.4, this parameter is affected by centrifugal forces and the aforesaid ratio. The incipient point of boiling and initial point of net vapor generation were determined with high-speed photography in the aforementioned 26.7 m long helical coil for the following range of operating conditions: Pressure: 4–18 MN/m2 , mass velocity 757–1518 kg/m2 s, heat flux: 0.082–0.413 MW/m2 , outlet subcooling: 4.4–12.5 K. The data were correlated by using both the average and local values of the operating conditions.

Copyright © 1978 by ASME
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