Response of Building Components to Heating in a Fire

[+] Author and Article Information
A. M. Kanury

Department of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Ind. 46556

D. J. Holve

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif. 94305

J. Heat Transfer 101(2), 365-370 (May 01, 1979) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3450975 History: Received August 16, 1978; Online August 11, 2010


This paper deals with the response of building components such as walls, doors, etc. exposed to the severe thermal atmospheres created by accidental fires in structures. The standard fire test ASTM E-119 of the American Society for Testing and Materials, which is used to measure this response, is considered for a theoretical analysis. Only the thermal aspects of the problem are examined. Through dimensional, order-of-magnitude, and phenomenological analyses of the governing equations of an idealized model, a variety of conclusions are drawn. These conclusions are consistent with various successful current fire protection design practices. Deviations of the idealized theoretical model from the practical operating conditions of the actual test are carefully noted for consideration in the future refinements of the analysis.

Copyright © 1979 by ASME
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