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RESEARCH PAPERS

Turbulence Modeling of Axial Flow in a Bare Rod Bundle

[+] Author and Article Information
J. G. Bartzis, N. E. Todreas

Department of Nuclear Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139

J. Heat Transfer 101(4), 628-634 (Nov 01, 1979) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3451048 History: Received October 19, 1978; Online August 11, 2010

Abstract

Temperature distribution within the rod bundle of a nuclear reactor is of major importance in nuclear reactor design. However temperature information presupposes knowledge of the hydrodynamic behavior of the coolant which is the most difficult part of the problem due to the complexity of the turbulence phenomena. In the present work a two equation turbulence model—a strong candidate for analyzing actual three dimensional turbulent flows—has been used to predict fully developed flow of infinite bare rod bundle of various aspect ratios (P/D). The model has been modified to take into account anisotropic effects of eddy viscosity. Secondary flow calculations have been also performed although the model seems to be too rough to predict the secondary flow correctly. Heat transfer calculations have been performed to confirm the importance of anisotropic viscosity in temperature predictions. Experimental measurements of the distribution of axial velocity, turbulent axial velocity, turbulent kinetic energy and radial Reynolds stresses were performed in the developing and fully developed regions. A two channel Laser Doppler Anemometer working in the reference mode with forward scattering was used to perform the measurements in a simulated interior subchannel of a triangular rod array with P/D = 1.124. Comparisons between the analytical results and the results of this experiment as well as other experimental data in rod bundle arrays available in the literature are presented. The predictions are in good agreement with the results for high Reynolds numbers.

Copyright © 1979 by ASME
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