Experiments on Transient Thermal Convection With Internal Heating—Large Time Results

[+] Author and Article Information
M. Keyhani

Department of Mechanical Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210

F. A. Kulacki

Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, Del. 19711

J. Heat Transfer 105(2), 261-266 (May 01, 1983) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3245572 History: Received January 13, 1982; Online October 20, 2009


Experimental data and correlations are presented for the time scales of developing and decaying thermal convection with volumetric heating in a horizontal layer. The layer is bounded by rigid surfaces, with an insulated lower boundary and an isothermal upper boundary. The time for complete flow development/decay, as a result of a step change in volumetric heat generation, is simply parameterized in terms of the Fourier number for the layer, the step change in Rayleigh number, ΔRa, and the initial/final dimensionless maximum core temperature. For developing flows, ΔRa > 0, results are in good agreement with existing experiments and an approximate boundary layer theory. In decaying flows, Fourier numbers are larger than those of previously reported experiments for a motionless final state. Data for turbulent-to-turbulent transitions when ΔRa < 0 suggests that the approximate boundary layer theory underestimates the Fourier number. Experimental uncertainties on measured Fourier numbers are generally well within the limits of uncertainty allowed by the approximate theory.

Copyright © 1983 by ASME
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