Critical Flashing Flows in Nozzles With Subcooled Inlet Conditions

[+] Author and Article Information
N. Abuaf

General Electric Co., Schenectady, N.Y. 12301; Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, N.Y. 11973

O. C. Jones

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, N.Y.; Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, N.Y. 11973

B. J. C. Wu

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif.; Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, N.Y. 11973

J. Heat Transfer 105(2), 379-383 (May 01, 1983) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3245589 History: Received February 22, 1982; Online October 20, 2009


Examination of a large number of experiments dealing with flashing flows in converging and converging-diverging nozzles reveals that knowledge of the flashing inception point is the key to the prediction of critical flow rates. An extension of the static flashing inception correlation of Jones [16] and Alamgir and Lienhard [17] to flowing systems has allowed the determination of the location of flashing inception in nozzle flows with subcooled inlet conditions. It is shown that in all the experiments examined with subcooled inlet regardless of the degree of inlet subcooling, flashing inception invariably occurred very close to the throat. A correlation is given to predict flashing inception in both pipes and nozzles which matches all data available, but is lacking verification in intermediate nozzle geometries where turbulence may be important. A consequence of this behavior is that the critical mass flux may be correlated to the pressure difference between the nozzle inlet and flashing inception, through a single phase liquid discharge coefficient and an accurate prediction of the flashing inception pressure at the throat. Comparison with the available experiments indicate that the predicted mass fluxes are within 5 percent of the measurements.

Copyright © 1983 by ASME
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