Analysis of Laminar Mixed Convective Plumes Along Vertical Adiabatic Surfaces

[+] Author and Article Information
K. V. Rao, B. F. Armaly, T. S. Chen

Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering University of Missouri-Rolla, Rolla, Mo. 65401

J. Heat Transfer 106(3), 552-557 (Aug 01, 1984) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3246714 History: Received April 04, 1983; Online October 20, 2009


Laminar mixed forced and free convection from a line thermal source imbedded at the leading edge of an adiabatic vertical surface is analytically investigated for the cases of buoyancy assisting and buoyancy opposing flow conditions. Temperature and velocity distributions in the boundary layer adjacent to the adiabatic surface are presented for the entire range of the buoyancy parameter ξ (x) = Grx /Rex 5/2 from the pure forced (ξ(x) = 0) to the pure free (ξ(x) = ∞) convection regime for fluids having Prandtl numbers of 0.7 and 7.0. For buoyancy-assisting flow, the velocity overshoot, the temperature, and the wall shear stress increase as the plume’s strength increases. On the other hand, the velocity overshoot, the wall shear stress, and the temperature decrease as the free-stream velocity increases. For buoyancy opposing flow, the velocity and wall shear stress decrease but the temperature increases as the plume’s strength increases.

Copyright © 1984 by ASME
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