Turbulent Heat Transfer Computations for Rearward-Facing Steps and Sudden Pipe Expansions

[+] Author and Article Information
A. M. Gooray

Xerox Corporation, Rochester, N.Y. 14644

C. B. Watkins, Win Aung

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Howard University, Washington, D.C. 20059

J. Heat Transfer 107(1), 70-76 (Feb 01, 1985) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3247405 History: Received April 11, 1983; Online October 20, 2009


Results of numerical calculations for heat transfer in turbulent recirculating flow over two-dimensional, rearward-facing steps and sudden pipe expansions are presented. The turbulence models used in the calculation are the standard k – ε model and the low-Reynolds number version of this model. The k – ε models have been improved to account for the effects of streamline curvature and pressure-strain (scalar) interactions including wall damping. A sequence of two computational passes is performed to obtain optimal results over the entire flow field. The presented results consist of computed distributions of heat transfer coefficents for several Reynolds numbers, emphasizing the low-to-moderate Reynolds number regime. The heat transfer results also include correlations of Nusselt numnber for both side and bottom walls. The computed heat transfer results and typical computed fluid dynamic results are compared with available experimental data.

Copyright © 1985 by ASME
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