Enhancement of Combined Heat and Mass Transfer in a Vertical-Tube Heat and Mass Exchanger

[+] Author and Article Information
R. L. Webb

The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802

H. Perez-Blanco

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

J. Heat Transfer 108(1), 70-75 (Feb 01, 1986) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3246907 History: Received July 03, 1984; Online October 20, 2009


This paper studies enhancement of heat and mass transfer between a countercurrent, gravity-drained water film and air flowing in a vertical tube. The enhancement technique employed is spaced, transverse wires placed in the air boundary layer, near the air-water interface. Heat transfer correlations for turbulent, single-phase heat transfer in pipes having wall-attached spaced ribs are used to select the preferred wire diameter, and to predict the gas phase heat and mass transfer coefficients. Tests were run with two different radial placements of the rib roughness: (1) at the free surface of the liquid film, and (2) the base of the roughness displaced 0.51 mm into the air flow. The authors hypothesize that the best heat/mass transfer and friction performance will be obtained with the roughness at the surface of the water film. Experiments conducted with both roughness placements show that the authors’ hypothesis is correct. The measured heat/mass transfer enhancement agreed very closely with the predicted values. A unique feature of the enhancement concept is that it does not require surface wetting of the enhancement device to provide enhancement.

Copyright © 1986 by ASME
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