The Use of Dehumidifiers in Desiccant Cooling and Dehumidification Systems

[+] Author and Article Information
E. Van den Bulck, J. W. Mitchell, S. A. Klein

University of Wisconsin, Solar Energy Laboratory, Madison, WI 53706

J. Heat Transfer 108(3), 684-692 (Aug 01, 1986) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3246990 History: Received August 30, 1985; Online October 20, 2009


The use of rotary dehumidifiers in gas-fired open-cycle desiccant cooling systems is investigated by analyzing the performance of the rotary heat exchanger–rotary dehumidifier subsystem. For a given cooling load, the required regeneration heat supply can be minimized by choosing appropriate values for the regeneration air mass flow rate and the wheel rotation speed. A map is presented showing optimal values for rotational speed and regeneration flow rate as functions of the regeneration air inlet temperature and the process air inlet humidity ratio. This regeneration temperature is further optimized as a function of the process humidity ratio. In the analysis, the control strategy adjusts the process air mass flow rate to provide the required cooling load. Additional control options are considered and the sensitivity of the regeneration heat required to the wheel speed, regeneration air mass flow rate, and inlet temperature is discussed. Experimental data reported in the literature are compared with the analytical results and indicate good agreement.

Copyright © 1986 by ASME
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