Free-Stream Turbulence Effects on Convex-Curved Turbulent Boundary Layers

[+] Author and Article Information
S. M. You, T. W. Simon, J. Kim

University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455

J. Heat Transfer 111(1), 66-72 (Feb 01, 1989) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3250660 History: Received February 19, 1987; Online October 20, 2009


Free-stream turbulence intensity effects on a convex-curved turbulent boundary layer are investigated. An attached fully turbulent boundary layer is grown on a flat plate and is then introduced to a downstream section where the test wall is convexly curved, having a constant radius of curvature. Two cases, with free-stream turbulence intensities of 1.85 and 0.65 percent, are discussed. They were taken in the same facility and with the same strength of curvature, δ/R = 0.03−0.045. The two cases have similar flow conditions upon entry to the curve, thus separating the free-stream turbulence effects under study from other effects. The higher turbulence case displayed stronger curvature effects on the skin friction coefficient C f , and on streamwise-normal and shear stress profiles, than observed in the lower turbulence case. Observations of this are: (1) As expected, the higher turbulence case has a higher C f value ( ∼ 5 percent) upstream of the curve than does the lower turbulence case, but this difference diminishes by the end of the curve. (2) Streamwise turbulence intensity profiles, differing upstream of the curve for the two cases, are found to be similar near the end of the curve, thus indicating that the effect of curvature is dominating over the effect of free-stream turbulence intensity. Many effects of curvature observed in the lower turbulence intensity case, and reported previously, e.g., a dramatic response to the introduction of curvature and the rapid assumption of an asymptotic shape within the curve, are also seen in the higher turbulence case.

Copyright © 1989 by ASME
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