EHD Enhancement of Nucleate Boiling

[+] Author and Article Information
P. Cooper

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2500, Australia

J. Heat Transfer 112(2), 458-464 (May 01, 1990) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2910400 History: Received September 24, 1987; Online May 23, 2008


This paper describes: (a) an experimental investigation into the effect of an electric field applied to pool boiling of Freon (R114) on a finned tube and (b) a theoretical model of electrically enhanced nucleate boiling applicable to simple surfaces only. Experimental results have shown electrohydrodynamic (EHD) enhancement of heat transfer to be manifest in two ways: (i) elimination of boiling hysteresis, (ii) augmentation of nucleate boiling heat transfer coefficients by up to an order of magnitude. These effects were also observed in electrically enhanced boiling of Freon/oil mixtures. A new analytical model is described whereby EHD nucleate boiling data from previous studies (employing simple apparatus comprising heated wires with concentric cylinder electrodes) have been correlated for the first time using the concept of an electrical influence number. This dimensionless parameter is based upon the relationship between applied electric field intensity and changes in bubble departure diameter at a heat transfer surface.

Copyright © 1990 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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