Correlations for Natural Convection Between Heated Vertical Plates

[+] Author and Article Information
S. Ramanathan, R. Kumar

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29631

J. Heat Transfer 113(1), 97-107 (Feb 01, 1991) (11 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2910557 History: Received August 31, 1988; Revised May 08, 1990; Online May 23, 2008


This paper presents the numerical results of natural convective flows between two vertical, parallel plates within a large enclosure. A parametric study has been conducted for various Prandtl numbers and channel aspect ratios. The results are in good agreement with the reported results in the literature for air for large aspect ratios. However, for small aspect ratios, the present numerical results do not agree with the correlations given in the literature. The discrepancy is due to the fact that the published results were obtained for channels where the diffusion of thermal energy in the vertical direction is negligible. The results obtained in this paper indicate that vertical conduction should be considered for channel aspect ratios less than 10 for Pr = 0.7. Correlations are presented to predict the maximum temperature and the average Nusselt number on the plate as explicit functions of the channel Rayleigh number and the channel aspect ratio for air. The plate temperature is a weak function of Prandtl number for Prandtl numbers greater than 0.7, if the channel Rayleigh number is chosen as the correlating parameter. For Prandtl numbers less than 0.1, the plate temperature is a function of the channel Rayleigh number and the Prandtl number. A correlation for maximum temperature on the plate is presented to include the Prandtl number effect for large aspect ratio channels.

Copyright © 1991 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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