Heat and Mass Transport From Thermally Degrading Thin Cellulosic Materials in a Microgravity Environment

[+] Author and Article Information
G. Kushida, H. R. Baum, T. Kashiwagi

Center for Fire Research, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD 20899

C. di Blasi

Chemical Engineering Department, University of Naples, Naples, Italy

J. Heat Transfer 114(2), 494-502 (May 01, 1992) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2911300 History: Received January 01, 1991; Revised October 01, 1991; Online May 23, 2008


A theoretical model describing the behavior of a thermally thin cellulosic sheet heated by external thermal radiation in a quiescent microgravity environment is developed. This model describes thermal and oxidative degradation of the sheet and the heat and mass transfer of evolved degradation products from the heated cellulosic surface into the gas phase. At present, gas phase oxidation reactions are not included. Without buoyancy, the dominant vorticity creation mechanism in the bulk of the gas is absent except at the material surface by the requirement of the no-slip condition. The no-slip condition is relaxed, permitting the flow to be represented by a velocity potential. This approximation is permissible due to the combination of a microgravity environment and low Reynolds number associated with slow small-area heating by external radiation. Two calculations are carried out: heating without thermal degradation, and heating with thermal degradation of the sheet with endothermic pyrolysis, exothermic thermal oxidative degradation, and highly exothermic char oxidation. The results show that pyrolysis is the main degradation reaction. Moreover, self-sustained propagation of smoldering for cellulosic materials is very difficult due to the lack of sufficient oxygen supply in a quiescent environment.

Copyright © 1992 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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