Hot Wire/Film Behavior in Low-Temperature Gases

[+] Author and Article Information
E. Y. Kwack, P. Shakkottai, T. S. Luchik, K. M. Aaron, G. Fabris, L. H. Back

Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109

J. Heat Transfer 114(4), 859-865 (Nov 01, 1992) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2911893 History: Received March 01, 1991; Revised June 01, 1992; Online May 23, 2008


Commercially available hot wires/films were used to measure the velocities of evaporated hydrogen or helium gas during cryogenic mixing experiments. Hot wires were found to be too delicate to use in this harsh environment. Hot films were rugged enough to use at cryogenic temperatures even though they failed after a number of thermal cycles. Since the hot films have small aspect ratios, 13.4 and 20, they are quite sensitive to the thermal loading, Tw /Tg , even with a correction for the conduction end loss. In general, although the increase of the Nusselt number with Reynolds number at low temperatures was similar to that at room temperature, there was also a pronounced variation with Tw /Tg over the large range of 1.2 to 12 investigated.

Copyright © 1992 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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