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RESEARCH PAPERS: Radiative Transfer

Correlation of Measured and Computed Radiation Intensity Exiting a Packed Bed

[+] Author and Article Information
P. D. Jones, D. G. McLeod, D. E. Dorai-Raj

Mechanical Engineering Department, Auburn University, Auburn, AL

J. Heat Transfer 118(1), 94-102 (Feb 01, 1996) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2824073 History: Received September 01, 1995; Revised November 01, 1995; Online December 05, 2007

Abstract

The spectral and directional distribution of radiation intensity is measured, using a direct radiometric technique, at the exposed boundary of a packed bed of stainless steel spheres. The purpose of these measurements is to provide an experimental data base of radiation intensity with which to correlate intensity field solutions of the radiative transfer equation in participating media. The bed is considered to be one-dimensional, is optically thick, and has measured constant-temperature boundary conditions. Intensity exiting the bed is numerically simulated using a discrete ordinates solution to the radiative transfer equation, with combined mode radiation-conduction solution of the coupled energy conservation equation. Radiative properties for the bed are computed using the large size parameter correlated scattering theory derived by Kamiuto from the general theory of dependent scattering by Tien and others. The measured intensity results show good agreement with computed results in near-normal directions, though agreement in near-grazing directions is poor. This suggests that either radiative transfer near the boundaries of this medium might not be adequately represented by a continuous form of the radiative transfer equation, or that the properties derived from correlated scattering theory are insufficient. In either case, development of a more detailed radiation model for spherical packed beds appears warranted.

Copyright © 1996 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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