RESEARCH PAPERS: Boiling and Condensation

Two-Phase Crossflow and Boiling Heat Transfer in Horizontal Tube Bundles

[+] Author and Article Information
R. Dowlati, M. Kawaji

Department of Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 1A4

A. M. C. Chan

Ontario Hydro Technologies, 800 Kipling Ave., Toronto, Ontario, Canada M8Z 5S4

J. Heat Transfer 118(1), 124-131 (Feb 01, 1996) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2824025 History: Received January 01, 1995; Revised August 01, 1995; Online December 05, 2007


An experimental study has been conducted to determine the void fraction, frictional pressure drop, and heat transfer coefficient for vertical two-phase crossflow of refrigerant R-113 in horizontal tube bundles under saturated flow boiling conditions. The tube bundle contained 5 × 20 tubes in a square in-line array with pitch-to-diameter ratio of 1.3. R-113 mass velocity ranged from 50 to 970 kg/m2 s and test pressure from 103 to 155 kPa. The void fraction data exhibited strong mass velocity effects and were significantly less than the homogeneous and in-tube flow model predictions. They were found to be well correlated in terms of the dimensionless gas velocity, jg *. The two-phase friction multiplier data could be correlated well in terms of the Lockhart–Martinelli parameter. The validity of these correlations was successfully tested by predicting the total pressure drop from independent R-113 boiling experiments. The two-phase heat transfer coefficient data were found to agree well with existing pool boiling correlations, implying that nucleate boiling was the dominant heat transfer mode in the heat flux range tested.

Copyright © 1996 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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