RESEARCH PAPERS: Transport in Porous Media

An Experimental Study of Constant-Pressure Steam Injection and Transient Condensing Flow in an Air-Saturated Porous Medium

[+] Author and Article Information
H. J. H. Brouwers

University of Twente, Department of Civil Engineering & Management, P. O. Box, 217, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands

J. Heat Transfer 118(2), 449-454 (May 01, 1996) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2825865 History: Received June 01, 1995; Revised December 01, 1995; Online December 05, 2007


In this paper the unsteady process of constant pressure steam injection into an air–saturated porous medium is studied experimentally. To this end, vertical glass tubes are packed with dry quartz sand and injected with dry steam. The propagation of the steam front appears to be proportional to t. It is observed that the water saturation is homogeneously distributed and remains below the irreducible water saturation. Furthermore, the theoretical model of Brouwers and Li (1994) of the process is applied to the experiments and extended to take wall effects into account. A comparison of the predicted front penetration and amount of condensed water with the experimental results yields fairly good agreement.

Copyright © 1996 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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