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RESEARCH PAPERS: Forced Convection

Heat Transfer Characteristics of a Radial Jet Reattachment Flame

[+] Author and Article Information
J. W. Mohr, J. Seyed-Yagoobi, R. H. Page

Drying Research Center, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-3123

J. Heat Transfer 119(2), 258-264 (May 01, 1997) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2824218 History: Received May 21, 1996; Revised November 14, 1996; Online December 05, 2007

Abstract

A Radial Jet Reattachment Combustion (RJRC) nozzle forces primary combustion air to exit radially from the combustion nozzle and to mix with gaseous fuel in a highly turbulent recirculation region generated between the combustion nozzle and impingement surface. High convective heat transfer properties and improved fuel/ air mixing characterize this external mixing combustor for use in impingement flame heating processes. To understand the heat transfer characteristics of this new innovative practical RJRC nozzle, statistical design and analysis of experiments was utilized. A regression model was developed which allowed for determination of the total heat transfer to the impingement surface as well as the NOx emission index over a wide variety of operating conditions. In addition, spatially resolved flame temperatures and impingement surface temperature and heat flux profiles enabled determination of the extent of the combustion process with regards to the impingement surface. Specifically, the relative sizes of the reaction envelope, high temperature reaction zone, and low temperature recirculation zone were all determined. At the impingement surface in the reattachment zone very high local heat flux values were measured. This study provides the first detailed local heat transfer characteristics for the RJRC nozzle.

Copyright © 1997 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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