0
TECHNICAL PAPERS: Boiling and Condensation

The Use of an Organic Self-Assembled Monolayer Coating to Promote Dropwise Condensation of Steam on Horizontal Tubes

[+] Author and Article Information
A. K. Das, H. P. Kilty, P. J. Marto

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA 93943-5100

G. B. Andeen

SRI International, Menlo Park, PA 94025

A. Kumar

Optigon Technology, Milpitas, CA 95035

J. Heat Transfer 122(2), 278-286 (Dec 23, 1999) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.521465 History: Received April 03, 1997; Revised December 23, 1999
Copyright © 2000 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Woodruff,  D. W., and Westwater,  J. W., 1979, “Steam Condensation on Electroplated Gold: Effect of Plating Thickness,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 22, pp. 629–632.
Woodruff,  D. W., and Westwater,  J. W., 1981, “Steam Condensation on Various Gold Surfaces,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 103, pp. 685–692.
O’Neill,  G. A., and Westwater,  J. W., 1984, “Dropwise Condensation of Steam on Electroplated Silver Surfaces,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 27, pp. 1539–1549.
Holden,  K. M., Wanniarachchi,  A., Marto,  P. J., Boone,  D. H., and Rose,  J. W., 1987, “The Use of Organic Coatings to Promote Dropwise Condensation of Steam,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 109, pp. 768–774.
Marto,  P. J., Looney,  D. J., Rose,  J. W., and Wanniarachchi,  A., 1986, “Evaluation of Organic Coatings for the Promotion of Dropwise Condensation of Steam,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 29, No. 8, pp. 1109–1117.
Tanasawa,  I., 1991, “Advances in Condensation Heat Transfer,” Adv. Heat Transfer, 21, pp. 55–139.
Erb, R., and Thelen, E., 1965, “Dropwise Condensation,” Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Water Desalination, Washington, D.C., pp. 18–24.
Erb,  R., and Thelen,  E., 1965, “Promoting Permanent Dropwise Condensation,” Ind. Eng. Chem., 57, pp. 49–52.
Ma, X., Xu, D., and Lin, J., 1994, “A Study of Dropwise Condensation on the Ultra-Thin Polymer Surfaces,” Heat Transfer 1994, Vol. 3, IChemE, Rugby, UK, pp. 359–364.
Zhao,  Q., and Burnside,  B., 1994, “Dropwise Condensation of Steam on Ion Implanted Condenser Surfaces,” Heat Recovery Syst. CHP, 14, No. 5, pp. 525–534.
Zhao, Q., and Burnside, B., 1996, “Dropwise Condensation of Steam at High Velocity and Vacuum Pressures Over a Small Tube Bank,” Heat Transfer in Condensation, Process Eurotherm Seminar, No. 47, Marvillet and Vidil, eds., Elsevier, New York, pp. 196–204.
Bonnar, M., Burnside, B., Hadi, H., Reuben, R., and Wilson, J., 1995, “New Plasma Deposition Technology Revives Interest in Designing Utility Condensers for Dropwise Condensation,” Transactions of the 4th UK Conference on Heat Transfer, Institute of Mechanical Engineers, London, pp. 329–333.
Bonnar, M., Burnside, B., Little, A., Reuben, R., Sceal, E., and Wilson, J., 1997, “Plasma Polymer Coatings for Hydrophobic Surfaces,” Proceedings of the 5th European Conference on Advanced Materials and Applications, Netherlands Society for Materials Science, Maastricht, The Netherlands, 3 , pp. 201–204.
Bonnar, M., Burnside, B., Reuben, R., Wilson, J., and Liehr, M., 1995, “Hydrophobic Fluorocarbon and Organo-Silicon Condenser Tube Coatings Deposited by Plasma Enhanced CVD,” Proceedings of the 12th International Symposium on Plasma Chemistry, J. V. Heberlein, ed., pp. 99–104.
Taniguchi,  A., and Mori,  Y. H., 1994, “Effectiveness of Composite Copper/Graphite Fluoride Platings for Promoting Dropwise Condensation of Steam: A Preliminary Study,” Int. Commun. Heat Mass Transfer, 21, No. 5, pp. 619–627.
Deronzier, J. C., Foulletier, L., Huyghe, J., and Niezborala, J. M., 1975, “Method for Causing Condensation in Drops on Heat Exchanger Tubes,” Apr. 22, U.S. Patent No. 3,878,885.
Gavrish,  A. S., Reifert,  V. G., Sardak,  A. I., and Podbereznyy,  V. L., 1993, “A New Dropwise Condensation Promoter For Desalination and Power Plants,” Heat Transf. Res., 25, No. 1, pp. 82–86.
Gavrish, A. S., and Reifert, V. G., 1996, “Investigation of Water Vapor Dropwise Condensation Stimulated by Fluorine-Containing Disulphide,” 2nd European Thermal-Sciences and 14th UIT National Heat Transfer Conference, G. P. Celata, P. Di Marco, and A. Mariani, eds., Edizioni, pp. 1257–1261.
Bain,  C. D., Evall,  J., and Whitesides,  G. M., 1989, “Formation of Monolayer by the Co-adsorption of Thyl on Gold: Variation in Head Group, Tail Group, and Solvent,” J. Am. Chem. Soc., 111, pp. 7155–7169.
Dubois,  L. H., and Nuzzo,  R. G., 1992, “Synthesis, Structure, and Properties of Model Organic Surfaces,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem., 43, pp. 437–463.
Kumar,  A., and Whitesides,  G. M., 1994, “Patterned Condensation Figures as Optical Diffraction Gratings,” Science, Washington, DC,263, pp. 60–62.
Kumar,  A., Biebuyck,  H. A., and Whitesides,  G. M., 1994, “Patterning Self-Assembled Monolayers: Applications in Materials Science,” Langmuir, 10, No. 5, pp. 1498–1511.
Kumar,  A., Abott,  N. L., Kim,  E., Biebuyck,  H. A., and Whitesides,  G. M., 1995, “Patterned Self-Assembled Monolayers and Meso-Scale Phenomena,” Acc. Chem. Res., 28, No. 5, pp. 219–226.
Das, A. K., Kilty, H. P., Marto, P. J., Kumar, A., and Andeen, G. B., 2000, “Dropwise Condensation of Steam on Horizontal Corrugated Tubes Using an Organic Self-Assembled Monolayer Coating,” J. Enhanced Heat Transf., to be published.
Briggs,  D. E., and Young,  E. H., 1968, “Modified Wilson Plot Techniques for Obtaining Heat Transfer Correlations for Shell and Tube Heat Exchangers,” Chem. Eng. Prog., Symp. Ser., 65, No. 92, pp. 35–45.
Petukhov,  B. S., 1970, “Heat Transfer and Friction in Turbulent Pipe Flow With Variable Physical Properties,” Adv. Heat Transfer, 6, pp. 503–564.
Rose,  J. W., 1998, “Condensation Heat Transfer Fundamentals,” Trans. IChem E.,5, Part A, pp. 143–152.
Kline,  S. J., and McClintock,  F. A., 1953, “Describing Uncertainties in Single-Sample Experiments,” Mech. Eng. (Am. Soc. Mech. Eng.), 74, pp. 3–8.
Kilty, H. P., 1996, “The Effect of a Novel Coating Technique on Filmwise and Dropwise Condensation of Steam on Horizontal Tubes,” Master’s Thesis, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA.
Briggs, A., and Rose, J. W., 1996, “Condensation on Low-Fin Tubes: Effects of Non-Uniform Wall Temperature and Interphase Matter Transfer,” Process, Enhancement, and Multiphase Heat Transfer, R. M. Manglik and A. D. Krause, eds., Spiegel Homes, pp. 455–460.
Aksan,  S., and Rose,  J. W., 1973, “Dropwise Condensation—The Effect of Thermal Properties of the Condenser Material,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 16, p. 461.
Mikic,  B., 1969, “On Mechanism of Dropwise Condensation,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 12, pp. 1311–1323.
Tsuruta,  T., Tanaka,  H., and Togashi,  S., 1991, “Experimental Verification of Constriction Resistance Theory in Dropwise Condensation Heat Transfer,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 34, No. 11, pp. 2787–2796.
Izumi, M., and Yamakawa, N., 1993, “Dropwise Condensation on Rough Surfaces,” Condensation & Condenser Design, ASME, New York, pp. 143–154.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Sketch of a condensate drop on a flat surface, and definition of contact angle
Grahic Jump Location
Schematic of the experimental setup
Grahic Jump Location
Schematic of the test section
Grahic Jump Location
Overall heat transfer coefficient (Uo) versus coolant velocity during dropwise condensation (DWC) of steam on coated tubes
Grahic Jump Location
Heat transfer coefficient versus vapor to tubewall temperature difference during dropwise condensation (DWC) of steam on coated tubes
Grahic Jump Location
Photograph of dropwise condensation on self-assembled monolayer (SAM) coated copper tube under atmospheric condition. Captured from condensation video.

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In