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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Forced Convection

Experimental Study of Heat Convection From Stationary and Oscillating Circular Cylinder in Cross Flow

[+] Author and Article Information
H. G. Park

Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology Pasadena, CA 91109

Morteza Gharib

Graduate Aeronautical Laboratories, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125

J. Heat Transfer 123(1), 51-62 (May 17, 2000) (12 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1338137 History: Received January 03, 2000; Revised May 17, 2000
Copyright © 2001 by ASME
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References

Bearman,  P. W., 1969, “On Vortex Shedding From a Circular Cylinder in the Critical Reynolds Number Regime,” J. Fluid Mech., 37, pp. 577–586.
Bloor,  S., 1964, “The Transition to Turbulence in the Wake of a Circular Cylinder,” J. Fluid Mech., 19, pp. 290–304.
Cantwell,  B., and Coles,  D., 1983, “An Experimental Study of Entrainment and Transport in the Turbulent Near Wake of a Circular Cylinder,” J. Fluid Mech., 136, pp. 321–374.
Cheng,  C. H., Chen,  H. N., and Aung,  W., 1997, “Experimental Study of the Effect of Transverse Oscillation on Convection Heat Transfer From a Circular Cylinder,” Journal of Heat Transfer, 119, pp. 474–482.
Cheng,  C. H., and Hong,  J. L., 1997, “Numerical Prediction of Lock-On Effect on Convective Heat Transfer From a Transversely Oscillating Circular Cylinder,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 40, pp. 1825–1834.
Dabiri,  D., and Gharib,  M., 1991, “Digital Particle Image Thermometry: The Method and Implementation,” Exp. Fluids, 11, pp. 77–86.
Eckert,  E. R. G., and Soehngen,  E., 1952, “Distribution of Heat Transfer Coefficients Around Circular Cylinder in Crossflow at Reynolds Numbers From 20 to 500,” Trans. ASME, 74, pp. 343–347.
Gau,  C., Wu,  J. M., and Liang,  C. Y., 1999, “Heat Transfer Enhancement and Vortex Flow Structure Over a Heated Cylinder Oscillating in the Crossflow Direction,” ASME Journal of Heat Transfer, 121, pp. 789–795.
Karanth,  D., Rankin,  G. W., and Sridhar,  K., 1994, “A Finite Difference Calculation of Forced Convective Heat Transfer From an Oscillating Cylinder,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 37, pp. 1619–1630.
Karniadakis, G. E., 1997, private communication, Brown University, Providence, RI.
Kezios, S. P., and Prasanna, K. V., 1966, “Effect of Vibration on Heat Transfer From a Cylinder in Normal Flow,” ASME Paper 66-WA/HT-43.
Martinelli, R. C., and Boelter, L. M. K., 1938, “The Effect of Vibration on Heat Transfer by Free Convection From a Horizontal Cylinder,” Proceedings of 5th International Congress of Applied Mechanics, p. 578.
Matsumura,  M., and Antonia,  R. A., 1993, “Momentum and Heat Transport in the Turbulent Intermediate Wake of a Circular Cylinder,” J. Fluid Mech., 250, pp. 651–668.
McAdams, W. H., 1954, Heat Transmission, McGraw-Hill, New York, p. 260.
Noca, F., Park, H. G., and Gharib, M., 1998, “Vortex Formation Length of a Circular Cylinder (300<Re<4,000) Using DPIV,” Proceedings of ASME Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting, Paper FEDSM 98-5149.
Norberg,  C., 1994, “An Experimental Investigation of the Flow Around a Circular Cylinder: Influence of Aspect Ratio,” J. Fluid Mech., 275, pp. 258–287.
Ongoren,  A., and Rockwell,  D., 1988, “Flow Structure From an Oscillating Cylinder Part 1. Mechanisms of Phase Shift and Recovery in the Near Wake,” J. Fluid Mech., 191, pp. 197–223.
Park, H. G., 1998, “A Study of Heat Transport Processes in the Wake of a Stationary and Oscillating Circular Cylinder Using Digital Particle Image Velocimetry/Thermometry,” Ph.D. thesis, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA.
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Figures

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Schematic of water tunnel facility
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Normalized surface heat transfer as function of oscillation frequency for A/D=0.1
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Normalized surface heat transfer as function of oscillation frequency for A/D=0.2
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Nusselt number versus length of the mean wake bubble (formation length)
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Stagnant and non-heat convecting fluid near the base of the cylinder for Case (I), and vortices scrubbing away fluid near the base of the cylinder for Case (II). Note the close roll-up of the vortex and large velocity near the base of the cylinder in Case (II) as compared to Case (I). Note: the contours are lines of constant vorticity.
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Nusselt number versus mean total vorticity flux of the lower shear layer at x/d=0.8
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Vorticity flux versus the length of the mean wake bubble
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Sequence of phase averaged vorticity fields for forced oscillating cylinder at Stc=0.58,A/D=0.1 (Case IV). (|〈ωz〉D/U|〉1.0, contour increment 0.5). See Fig. 13(D) for phase corresponding to each letter.
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PSD of uy at location of maximum uy fluctuations on the wake centerline for forced oscillating cylinder at Stc=0.34,A/D=0.1 (Case III)
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Sequence of phase averaged vorticity fields for forced oscillating cylinder at Stc=0.34,A/D=0.1 (Case III). (|〈ωz〉D/U|〉1.0, contour increment 0.5). The phase averaging is done with respect to the cylinder oscillation frequency in (A) and uy at location of maximum uy fluctuations on the wake centerline in (B). See Fig. 13(A) and (B) for phase corresponding to each letter.
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Sequence of phase averaged vorticity fields for forced oscillating cylinder at Stc=0.37,A/D=0.2 (Case VII) (A), and Stc=0.42,A/D=0.2 (Case VIII) (B). (|〈ωz〉D/U|〉1.0, contour increment 0.5). See Fig. 13(C) for phase corresponding to each letter.
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Reference velocity and displacement of the cylinder corresponding to each letter of phase average

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