Han,
J. C., and Zhang,
Y. M., 1992, “High Performance Heat Transfer Ducts with Parallel Broken and V-Shaped Broken Ribs,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 35, No. 2, pp. 513–523.

Chyu,
M. K., and Natarajan,
V., 1995, “Surface Heat Transfer from a Three-Pass Blade Cooling Passage Simulator,” ASME J. Turbomach., 117, No. 4, pp. 650–656.

Liou, T.-M., Tzeng, Y.-Y., and Chen, C.-C., 1998, “Fluid Flow in a 180 Deg Sharp Turning Duct with Different Divider Thicknesses,” ASME 98-GT-189.

Iacovides, H., Jackson, D. C., Kelemenis, G., and Launder, B. E., 1999, “The Measurement of Local Wall Heat Transfer in Stationary U-Ducts of Strong Curvature, with Smooth and Rib-Roughened Walls,” ASME Paper 99-GT-254.

Wagner,
J. H., Johnson,
B. V., and Hajek,
T. J., 1991, “Heat Transfer in Rotating Passages with Smooth Walls and Radial Outward Flow,” ASME J. Turbomach., 113, No. 1, pp. 42–51.

Wagner,
J. H., Johnson,
B. V., and Kopper,
F. C., 1991, “Heat Transfer in Rotating Serpentine Passages with Smooth Walls,” ASME J. Turbomach., 113, No. 3, pp. 321–330.

Morris,
W. D., and Salemi,
R., 1992, “An Attempt to Uncouple the Effects of Coriolis and Buoyancy Forces Experimentally on Heat Transfer in Smooth Circular Tubes That Rotate in the Orthogonal Mode,” ASME J. Turbomach., 114, No. 4, pp. 858–864.

Han,
J. C., Zhang,
Y. M., and Lee,
C. P., 1994, “Influence of Surface Heating Condition on Local Heat Transfer in a Rotating Square Channel With Smooth Walls and Radially Outward Flow,” ASME J. Turbomach., 116, No. 1, pp. 149–158.

Cheah,
S. C., Iacovides,
H., Jackson,
D. C., Ji,
H., and Launder,
B. E., 1996, “LDA Investigation of the Flow Development through Rotating U-Ducts,” ASME J. Turbomach., 118, pp. 590–596.

Taslim,
M. E., Rahman,
A., and Spring,
S. D., 1991, “An Experimental Investigation of Heat Transfer Coefficients in a Spanwise Rotating Channel with Two Opposite Rib-Roughened Walls,” ASME J. Turbomach., 113, No. 1, pp. 75–82.

Wagner,
J. H., Johnson,
B. V., Graziani,
R. A., and Yeh,
F. C., 1992, “Heat Transfer in Rotating Serpentine Passages with Trips Normal to the Flow,” ASME J. Turbomach., 114, No. 4, pp. 847–857.

Zhang,
N., Chiou,
J., Fann,
S., and Yang,
W.-J., 1993, “Local Heat Transfer Distribution in a Rotating Serpentine Rib-Roughened Flow Passage,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 115, No. 3, pp. 560–567.

Johnson,
B. V., Wagner,
J. H., Steuber,
G. D., and Yeh,
F. C., 1994, “Heat Transfer in Rotating Serpentine Passages with Selected Model Orientations for Smooth or Skewed Trip Walls,” ASME J. Turbomach., 116, pp. 738–744.

Zhang,
Y. M., Han,
J. C., Parsons,
J. A., and Lee,
C. P., 1995, “Surface Heating Effect on Local Heat Transfer in a Rotating Two-Pass Square Channel with 60 deg Angled Rib Turbulators,” ASME J. Turbomach., 117, No. 2, pp. 272–280.

Tse, D. G. N., 1995, “Flow in Rotating Serpentine Coolant Passages with Skewed Trip Strips,” Report R95-9089F, Scientific Research Associates, Inc., Glastonbury, CN.

Kuo,
C. R., and Hwang,
G. J., 1996, “Experimental Studies and Correlations of Radially Outward and Inward Air-Flow Heat Transfer in a Rotating Square Duct,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 118, No. 1, pp. 23–30.

Besserman, D. L., and Tanrikut, S., 1991, “Comparison of Heat Transfer Measurements With Computations for Turbulent Flow Around a 180 Degree Bend,” ASME Paper 91-GT-2.

Wang,
T.-S., and Chyu,
M. K., 1994, “Heat Convection in a 180-Deg Turning Duct with Different Turn Configurations,” AIAA J. of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer, 8, No. 3, pp. 595–601.

Rigby, D. L., Ameri, A. A., and Steinthorsson, E., 1996, “Internal Passage Heat Transfer Prediction Using Multiblock Grids and a k-ω Turbulence Model,” ASME Paper 96-GT-188.

Iacovides,
H., and Launder,
B. E., 1991, “Parametric and Numerical Study of Fully Developed Flow and Heat Transfer in Rotating Rectangular Ducts,” ASME J. Turbomach., 113, No. 3, pp. 331–338.

Iacovides,
H., Launder,
B. E., and Li,
H.-Y., 1996, “The Computation of Flow Development through Stationary and Rotating U-Ducts of Strong Curvature,” Int. J. Heat Fluid Flow, 17, pp. 22–33.

Medwell,
J. O., Morris,
W. D., Xia,
J. Y., and Taylor,
C., 1991, “An Investigation of Convective Heat Transfer in a Rotating Coolant Channel,” ASME J. Turbomach., 113, No. 3, pp. 354–359.

Tekriwal,
P., 1991, “Heat Transfer Predictions with Extended k-ε Turbulence Model in Radial Cooling Ducts Rotating in Orthogonal Mode,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 116, No. 2, pp. 369–380.

Dutta,
S., Andrews,
M. J., and Han,
J. C., 1994, “Simulation of Turbulent Heat Transfer in a Rotating Duct,” AIAA J. of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer,9, No. 2, pp. 381–382.

Tolpadi, A. K., 1994, “Calculation of Heat Transfer in a Radially Rotating Coolant Passage,” AIAA Paper 94-0261.

Stephens, M. A., Chyu, M. K., Shih, T. I-P., and Civinskas, K. C., 1996, “Calculations and Measurements of Heat Transfer in a Square Duct with Inclined Ribs,” AIAA Paper 96-3163.

Hwang, J.-J., Wang, W.-J., and Lai, D.-Y., 1997, “Numerical Simulation of Turbulent Heat Transfer and Flow in a Rotating Multiple-Pass Square Channel,” ASME 97-GT-367.

Stephens,
M. A., and Shih,
T. I-P., 1999, “Flow and Heat Transfer in a Smooth U-Duct with and without Rotation,” AIAA Journal of Propulsion and Power,15, No. 2, pp. 272–279.

Chen, H.-C., Jang, Y.-J., and Han, J.-C., 1999, “Computation of Flow and Heat Transfer in Rotating Two-Pass Square Channels by a Reynolds Stress Model,” ASME Paper 99-GT-174.

Prakash,
C., and Zerkle,
R., 1992, “Prediction of Turbulent Flow and Heat Transfer in a Radially Rotating Square Duct,” ASME J. Turbomach., 114, No. 4, pp. 835–846.

Prakash,
C., and Zerkle,
R., 1995, “Prediction of Turbulent Flow and Heat Transfer in a Ribbed Rectangular Duct with and without Rotation,” ASME J. Turbomach., 117, pp. 255–264.

Abuaf,
N., and Kercher,
D. M., 1994, “Heat Transfer and Turbulence in a Turbulated Blade Cooling Circuit,” ASME J. Turbomach., 116, pp. 169–177.

Stephens, M. A., Shih, T. I-P., and Civinskas, K. C., 1995, “Computation of Flow and Heat Transfer in a Rectangular Channel with Ribs,” AIAA Paper 95-0180.

Rigby, D. L., Steinthorsson, E., and Ameri, A. A., 1997, “Numerical Prediction of Heat Transfer in a Channel with Ribs and Bleed,” ASME Paper 97-GT-431.

Rigby, D. L., 1998, “Prediction of Heat and Mass Transfer in a Rotating Ribbed Coolant Passage with a 180 Degree Turn,” ASME Paper 98-GT-329.

Bohn, D. E., Becker, V. J., Kusterer, K. A., Otsuki, Y., Sugimoto, T., and Tanaka, R., 1999, “3-D Internal Flow and Conjugate Calculations of a Convective Cooled Turbine Blade With Serpentine-Shaped and Ribbed Channels,” ASME Paper 99-GT-220.

Stephens, M. A., Shih, T. I-P., and Civinskas, K. C., 1995, “Effects of Inclined Rounded Ribs on Flow and Heat Transfer in a Square Duct,” AIAA Paper 95-2115.

Stephens, M. A., Shih, T. I-P., and Civinskas, K. C., 1996, “Computations of Flow and Heat Transfer in a Rotating U-Shaped Square Duct with Smooth Walls,” AIAA Paper 96-3161.

Bonhoff, B., Tomm, U., and Johnson, B. V., 1996, “Heat Transfer Predictions for U-Shaped Coolant Channels with Skewed Ribs and With Smooth Walls,” ASME Paper 96-TA-7.

Stephens, M. A., and Shih, T. I-P., 1997, “Computations of Compressible Flow and Heat Transfer in a Rotating Duct with Inclined Ribs and a 180-Degree Bend,” ASME Paper 97-GT-192.

Bonhoff, B., Tomm, U., Johnson, B. V., and Jennions, I., 1997, “Heat Transfer Predictions for Rotating U-Shaped Coolant Channels with Skewed Ribs and With Smooth Walls,” ASME 97-GT-162.

Shih, T. I-P., Lin, Y.-L., and Stephens, M. A., 1998, “Flow and Heat Transfer in an Ribbed U-Duct under Typical Engine Conditions,” ASME Paper 98-GT-213.

Shih, T. I-P., Lin, Y.-L., and Stephens, M. A., 2000, “Flow and Heat Transfer in an Internal Coolant Passage,” Int. J. Rotating Mach., in press.

Wagner, J. H., and Steuber, G. D., 1994, private communication.

Steinthorsson, E., Shih, T. I-P., and Roelke, R. J., 1991, “Computations of the Three-Dimensional Flow and Heat Transfer within a Coolant Passage of a Radial Turbine Blade,” AIAA Paper 91-2238.

Menter, F. R., 1993, “Zonal Two-Equation k-ω Turbulence Models for Aerodynamic Flows,” AIAA Paper 93-2906.

Menter, F. R., and Rumsey, C. L., 1994, “Assessment of Two-Equation Turbulence Models for Transonic Flows,” AIAA Paper 94-2343.

Wilcox, D. C., 1993, *Turbulence Modeling for CFD*, DCW Industries, La Canada, CA.

Thomas,
J. L., Krist,
S. T., and Anderson,
W. K., 1990, “Navier-Stokes Computations of Vortical Flows over Low-Aspect-Ratio Wings,” AIAA J., 28, No. 2, pp. 205–212.

Rumsey, C. L., and Vatsa, V. N., 1993, “A Comparison of the Predictive Capabilities of Several Turbulence Models Using Upwind and Central-Difference Computer Codes,” AIAA Paper 93-0192.

Roe,
P. L., 1981, “Approximate Riemann Solvers, Parameter Vector and Difference Schemes,” J. Comput. Phys., 43, pp. 357–72.

Pulliam,
W. R., and Chaussee,
D. S., 1981, “A Diagonal Form of an Implicit Approximate Factorization Algorithm,” J. Comput. Phys., 39, pp. 347–363.

Anderson,
W. K., Thomas,
J. L., and Whitfield,
D. L., 1988, “Multigrid Acceleration of the Flux-Split Euler Equations,” AIAA J., 26, No. 6, pp. 649–654.

Lin, Y.-L., Shih, T. I-P., Civinskas, K. C., Rigby, D. L., and Ameri, A. A., 1998, “Nonlinear Versus Linear k-ω Model for Predicting Flow and Heat Transfer in a Smooth U-Duct,” AIAA Paper 98-3560.