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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Porous Media, Particles, and Droplets

Numerical Study of Spray Injection Effects on the Heat Transfer and Product Yields of FCC Riser Reactors

[+] Author and Article Information
S. L. Chang, S. A. Lottes, M. Petrick

Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL 60439

C. Q. Zhou, B. J. Bowman

Purdue University Calumet, Hammond, IN 46323

J. Heat Transfer 123(3), 544-555 (Feb 02, 2001) (12 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1370509 History: Received September 26, 2000; Revised February 02, 2001
Copyright © 2001 by ASME
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References

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Weekman,  V. W., and Nace,  D. M., 1970, “Kinetics of Catalytic Cracking Selectivity in Fixed, Moving, and Fluid Bed Reactors,” AIChE J., 16(3), pp. 397–404.
Dave,  N. C., Duffy,  G. J., and Udaja,  P., 1993, “A Four-Lump Kinetic Model for the Cracking/Coking of Recycled Heavy Oil,” Fuel, 72(9), pp. 1331–1334.
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Figures

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Development of CFD simulation for FCC riser units
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Droplet number density distribution function
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Typical convergence history
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Comparison of calculated and measured product yields
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(a) FCC riser flow pattern; (b) FCC riser flow pattern; (c) FCC riser flow pattern
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FCC riser flow without droplet vaporization and cracking reactions
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FCC riser flow with droplet vaporization and without cracking reactions
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Catalyst particle and droplet distributions for mono-sized large droplet injection: (a) catalyst; (b) largest droplets; (c) smallest droplets
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Effects of droplet injection velocity on gasoline yield for four mean droplet diameters
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Vaporization distance as a function of feed oil spray inlet velocity
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Effects of droplet size on gasoline yield
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Effect of droplet size on vaporization
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Injection angle effect on vaporization for 100 micron mean diameter and 50 m/s injection velocity
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Injection angle effect on gasoline yield for 100 micron mean diameter and 50 m/s injection velocity
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Droplet mass deviation over cross-section for 100 micron mean diameter droplets
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Droplet number density for two injection velocities
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Temperature distribution for two injection velocities

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