0
TECHNICAL PAPERS: Heat Transfer in Manufacturing Processes

Modeling Dynamic Electrical Resistance During Resistance Spot Welding

[+] Author and Article Information
S. C. Wang, P. S. Wei

Department of Mechanical and Electro-Mechanical Engineering, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan Republic of China

J. Heat Transfer 123(3), 576-585 (Nov 28, 2000) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1370502 History: Received May 10, 2000; Revised November 28, 2000
Copyright © 2001 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Nied,  H. A., 1984, “The Finite Element Modelling of the Resistance Spot Welding Process,” Weld. J. (Miami), 63, pp. 123s–132s.
Tsai,  C. L., Jammal,  O. A., Papritan,  J. C., and Dickinson,  D. W., 1992, “Modeling of Resistance Spot Weld Nugget Growth,” Weld. J. (Miami), 71, pp. 47s–54s.
Roberts,  W. L., 1951, “Resistance Variations During Spot Welding,” Weld. J. (Miami), 30, pp. 1004–1019.
Bhattacharya,  S., and Andrews,  D. R., 1974, “Significance of Dynamic Resistance Curves in the Theory and Practice of Spot Welding,” Welding and Metal Fabrication, 42, pp. 296–301.
Greenwood,  J. A., and Williamson,  J. B. P., 1958, “Electrical Conduction in Solids. II. Theory of Temperature-Dependent Conductors,” Proc. R. Soc. London, 246, pp. 13–31.
Wei,  P. S., Wang,  S. C., and Lin,  M. S., 1996, “Transport Phenomena During Resistance Spot Welding,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 118, pp. 762–773.
Savage,  W. F., Nippes,  E. F., and Wassell,  F. A., 1978, “Dynamic Contact Resistance of Series Spot Welds,” Weld. J. (Miami), 57, pp. 43s–50s.
Dickinson,  D. W., Franklin,  J. E., and Stanya,  A., 1980, “Characterization of Spot Welding Behavior by Dynamic Electrical Parameter Monitoring,” Weld. J. (Miami), 59, pp. 170s–176s.
Gedeon,  S. A., and Eagar,  T. W., 1986, “Resistance Spot Welding of Galvanized Steel: Part II—Mechanisms of Spot Weld Nugget Formation,” Metall. Trans. B, 17B, pp. 887–901.
Gedeon,  S. A., Sorensen,  C. D., Ulrich,  K. T., and Eagar,  T. W., 1987, “Measurement of Dynamic Electrical and Mechanical Properties of Resistance Spot Welds,” Weld. J. (Miami), 66, pp. 378s–385s.
Studer,  F. J., 1939, “Contact Resistance in Spot Welding,” Weld. J. (Miami), 18, pp. 374s–380s.
Kouwenhoven,  W. B., and Tampico,  J., 1941, “Surface Polish and Contact Resistance,” Weld. J. (Miami), 20, pp. 468s–471s.
Tylecote,  R. F., 1941, “Spot Welding, Part III: Contact Resistance,” Weld. J. (Miami), 20, pp. 591s–602s.
Kaiser,  J. G., Dunn,  G. J., and Eagar,  T. W., 1982, “The Effect of Electrical Resistance on Nugget Formation during Spot Welding,” Weld. J. (Miami), 61, pp. 167s–174s.
Vogler,  M., and Sheppard,  S., 1993, “Electrical Contact Resistance under High Loads and Elevated Temperatures,” Weld. J. (Miami), 72, pp. 231s–238s.
Thornton,  P. H., Krause,  A. R., and Davies,  R. G., 1996, “Contact Resistances in Spot Welding,” Weld. J. (Miami), 75, pp. 402s–412s.
James,  P. S., Chandler,  H. W., Evans,  J. T., Wen,  J., Browne,  D. J., and Newton,  C. J., 1997, “The Effect of Mechanical Loading on the Contact Resistance of Coated Aluminum,” Mater. Sci. Eng., A, A230, pp. 194–201.
Holm, R., 1967, Electric Contacts, Theory and Application, 4th edition, Springer-Verlag, New York.
Greenwood,  J. A., 1966, “Constriction Resistance and the Real Area of Contact,” British J. Applied Physics, 17, pp. 1621–1632.
Crinon,  E., and Evans,  J. T., 1998, “The Effect of Surface Roughness, Oxide Film Thickness and Interfacial Sliding on the Electrical Contact Resistance of Aluminum,” Mater. Sci. Eng., A, A242, pp. 121–128.
Ono,  Y., Hirayama,  K., and Furukawa,  K., 1974, “Electric Resistivity of Molten Fe-C, Fe-Si, and Fe-C-Si Alloys,” Tetsu to Hagane, 60, pp. 2110–2118.
Boyer, H. E., and Gall, T. L., 1984, Metals Handbook, Desk Edition, ASM.
Touloukian, Y. S., editor, 1967, Thermophysical Properties of High Temperature Solid Materials, Vol. 4: Oxides and Their Solutions and Mixtures, Macmillan Co, New York, pp. 214.
Grange,  R. A., Hribal,  C. R., and Porter,  L. F., 1977, “Hardness of Tempered Martensite in Carbon and Low-Alloy Steels,” Metall. Trans. A, 8A, pp. 1775–1785.
Gould,  J. F., 1987, “An Examination of Nugget Development During Spot Welding, Using Both Experimental and Analytical Techniques,” Weld. J. (Miami), 66, pp. 1s–10s.
Wei,  P. S., and Ho,  C. Y., 1990, “Axisymmetric Nugget Growth During Resistance Spot Welding,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 112, pp. 309–316.
Wei,  P. S., and Yeh,  F. B., 1991, “Factors Affecting Nugget Growth with Mushy-Zone Phase Change during Resistance Spot Welding,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 113, pp. 643–649.
Khan,  J. A., Broach,  K., and Arefin Kabir,  A. A. S., 2000, “Numerical Thermal Model of Resistance Spot Welding in Aluminum,” J. Thermophys. Heat Transfer, 14, pp. 88–95.
Bennon,  W. D., and Incropera,  F. P., 1987, “A Continuum Model for Momentum, Heat and Species Transport in Binary Solid-Liquid Phase Change Systems—I. Model Formulation,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 30, pp. 2161–2170.
Bennon,  W. D., and Incropera,  F. P., 1988, “Numerical Analysis of Binary Solid-Liquid Phase Change Using a Continuum Model,” Numer. Heat Transfer, 13, pp. 277–296.
Cramer, K. R., and Pai, S.-I., 1973, Magnetofluid Dynamics for Engineers and Applied Physicists, Scripta Publishing, Washington, D.C., pp. 42–45.
Modest, M. F., 1993, Radiative Heat Transfer, McGraw-Hill, New York, pp. 52–53.
Patankar, S. V., 1980, Numerical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow, chap. 5 and 6, Hemisphere Publishing Corp., New York.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Sketch for resistance spot welding and coordinate system
Grahic Jump Location
Comparisons of dimensionless nugget thickness versus time in welding AISI 1008 steel between one and three-dimensional predictions from Gould 25, Wei et al. 6 and this work, and measurement from Gould 25
Grahic Jump Location
A comparison of dimensionless dynamic resistance versus time between the measurement from Savage et al. 7 and prediction from this work in welding not cleaned steels with welding current of 8700 amps
Grahic Jump Location
Unsteady variations of dimensionless dynamic resistance, bulk resistance, and contact resistances at the faying surface and electrode-workpiece interface
Grahic Jump Location
Unsteady variations of dimensionless dynamic resistance, bulk resistance, and contact resistances at the faying surface and electrode-workpiece interface, σss(20°C).
Grahic Jump Location
Unsteady variations of dimensionless dynamic resistance, bulk resistance, and contact resistances at the faying surface and electrode-workpiece interface for vanished film resistance
Grahic Jump Location
Dimensionless dynamic resistance curve for different values of dimensionless constriction resistance parameter
Grahic Jump Location
Unsteady variations of dimensionless dynamic resistance, bulk resistance, and contact resistances at the faying surface and electrode-workpiece interface by decreasing magnetic Prandtl number from Prm=3×104 (see Fig. 4) to 104
Grahic Jump Location
Dimensionless dynamic resistance curve for different numbers of contact spots at the faying surface
Grahic Jump Location
Dimensionless dynamic resistance curve for different values of dimensionless parameter governing welding current

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In