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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Evaporation, Boiling, and Condensation

Heat Transfer in Direct Contact Condensation of Steam to Subcooled Water Spray

[+] Author and Article Information
Minoru Takahashi

Research Laboratory for Nuclear Reactors, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1 O-okayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152-8550, Japan

Arun Kumar Nayak

Reactor Engineering Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai 400085, India

Shin-ichi Kitagawa, Hiroyuki Murakoso

Department of Nuclear Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1 O-okayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152-8550, Japan

J. Heat Transfer 123(4), 703-710 (Jan 30, 2001) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1370510 History: Received July 10, 2000; Revised January 30, 2001
Copyright © 2001 by ASME
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References

Brown, G., 1951, “Heat Transmission by Condensation of Steam on a Spray of Water Drops,” Proc. of General Discussion on Heat Transfer, Institution of Mechanical Engineers.
Lekic,  A., and Ford,  J. D., 1980, “Direct Contact Condensation on a Spray of Subcooled Liquid Droplets,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 23, pp. 1531–1537.
Sundararayan,  T., and Ayyaswamy,  P. S., 1984, “Heat and Mass Transfer Associated with Condensation of a Moving Drop: Solutions for Intermediate Reynolds Numbers by a Boundary Layer Formulation,” ASME J. Heat Transfer , 107, pp. 409–415.
Sundararayan,  T., and Ayyaswamy,  P. S., 1985, “Hydrodynamics and Heat Transfer Associated with Condensation on a Moving Drop: Solution for Intermediate Reynolds Numbers,” J. Fluid Mech., 149, pp. 33–58.
Chung, J. N., and Chang, T. H., 1984, “A Mathematical Model of Condensation Heat and Mass Transfer to a Moving Droplet in its Own Vapor,” , 106 , pp. 417–424.
Celata,  G. P., Cumo,  M., D’Annibale,  F., and Farello,  G. E., 1991, “Direct Contact Condensation of Steam on Droplets,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 17, pp. 191–211.
Lee,  S. Y., and Tankin,  R. S., 1984, “Study of Liquid Spray (Water) in a Condensable Environment (Steam),” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 27, pp. 363–374.
Hasson,  D., Luss,  D., and Peck,  R., 1964, “Theoretical Analyses of Vapor Condensation on Laminar Liquid Jets,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 7, pp. 969–981.
Weinberg,  S., 1952, “Heat Transfer to Low Pressure Sprays of Water in a Steam Atmosphere,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Engrs, London, Vol.1B, No. 6, p. 240–252.
Mayinger,  F., and Chavez,  A., 1992, “Measurement of Direct Contact Condensation of Pure Saturated Vapor on an Injection Spray by Applying Pulsed Laser Holography,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 35, pp. 691–702.
Kutateladze, S. S., 1952, “Heat Transfer in Condensation and Boiling,” 2nd ed. Chpt. 7, Moscow-Leningrad, English translation by U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, AEC-tr-3770.
Celata,  G. P., Cumo,  M., Farello,  G. E., and Focardi,  G., 1986, “Direct Contact Condensation of Steam on Slowly Moving Water,” Nucl. Eng. Des., 96, pp. 21–31.
Celata,  G. P., Cumo,  M., Farello,  G. E., and Focardi,  G., 1989, “A Comprehensive Analysis of Direct Contact Condensation of Saturated Steam on Subcooled Liquid Jets,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 32, pp. 639–654.
Ford,  J. D., and Lekic,  A., 1973, “Rate of Growth of Drops During Condensation,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 16, pp. 61–64.
Ohba, K., Kitada, H., and Nishiguchi, A., 1982, “Direct Contact Condensation on a High Spray Jet of Subcooled Water,” Heat Transfer in Nuclear Reactor Safety, S. G. Bankoff and N. H. Afgan, eds., Hemisphere Publishing Corporation.
Rose,  P. M., and Kintner,  R. C., 1966, “Mass Transfer from Large Osillalting Drops,” AIChE J., 12, pp. 530–534.
Skelland,  A. H. P., and Wellek,  R. M., 1964, “Resistance to Mass Transfer Inside Droplets,” AIChE J., 10, pp. 491–496.
Celata, G. P., 1991, “Direct Contact Condensation of Steam on Subcooled Water,” Invited Lecture in Phase-Interface Phenomena in Multiphase Flow, G. F. Hewitt, F. Mayinger, and J. R. Riznic, eds., pp. 345–371.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Hollow-cone spray nozzle (B1/4GG-SS3030HC of Spraying Systems Japan Co.)
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Performance of hollow-cone spray nozzle (B1/4GG-SS3030HC of Spraying Systems Japan Co.)
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Thermocouple used for spray temperature measurement
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Temperature fluctuation
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Radial temperature profiles at various axial distance from the nozzle outlet
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Variation of heat transfer coefficient in the flow direction
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Variation of condensation efficiency in the flow direction
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Variation of condensation efficiency in the flow direction (comparison of experiment and analysis)

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