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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Evaporation, Boiling, and Condensation

Experimental and Theoretical Study of Heating/Drying of Moist Paper Sheet With a Gas-Fired Infrared Emitter

[+] Author and Article Information
J. Seyed-Yagoobi, A. N. Husain

Drying Research Center, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-3123

J. Heat Transfer 123(4), 711-718 (Jan 22, 2001) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1372324 History: Received July 24, 2000; Revised January 22, 2001
Copyright © 2001 by ASME
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References

McConell, R. R., 1980, “A Literature Review of Drying Research in the Pulp and Paper Industry,” Drying, Hemisphere Publishing Corp., Washington, D.C., 2 , p. 330.
Bean, C. E., and Cocagne, J. M., 1996, “Assessment of Gas-fired Infrared Heaters in the Paper Industry,” Topical Report, GRI-96/0087, Gas Research Institute, Chicago, IL, p. 3.
Pettersson, M., and Strenstrom, S., 1998, “Evaluation of Gas-fired and Electrically Heated Industrial Infrared Paper Dryers,” Proceedings of International Gas Research Conference, San Diego, CA, p. 213.
Riikonen, J., Jarkonen, E., and Palosaari, S., 1987, “Modeling of Infrared Drying of Pulp,” Drying ’87, Hemisphere Publishing Corp., New York, NY, pp. 18–23.
Kuang,  H., Thibault,  J., Grandjean,  B., and Chen,  R., 1994, “Study of Heat and Mass Transfer during Drying of Paper,” Drying Technol., 3, pp. 545–575.
Ojala, K. T., and Lampinen, M. J., 1995, “Modeling, Measurements, and Efficiencies of Infrared Dryers for Paper Drying,” Handbook of Industrial Drying, 2 , A. S. Mujumdar, ed., ISBN no. 0-8247-9644-6, pp. 931–976.
Fernandez,  M. L., and Howell,  J. R., 1997, “Radiative Drying Model of Porous Materials,” Drying Technol., 15, No. 10, pp. 2377–2339.
Pettersson,  M., and Strenstrom,  S., 1998, “Absorption of Infrared Radiation and Radiation Transfer Mechanism in Paper,” J. Pulp Pap. Sci., 24, No. 11, pp. 349–355.
Scallan,  A. M., and Borch,  J., 1972, “An Interpretation of Paper Reflectance Based upon Morphology: I. Initial Considerations,” Tappi J., 55, No. 7, pp. 583–588.
Wirtz, J. W., 1999, “An Experimental Study of Gas-Fired Infrared Drying of Paper,” M.S. thesis, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX.
Husain, A. N., 2000, “Measurement and Analysis of Heating of Paper with Gas-Fired Infrared Burner,” M.S. thesis, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX.
Kline,  S., and McClintock,  F., 1953, “Describing Uncertainities in Single Sample Experiments,” Mech. Eng. (Am. Soc. Mech. Eng.), 75, pp. 3–8.
Asensio,  M. C., and Seyed-Yagoobi,  J., 1993, “Simulation of Paper-Drying Systems With Incorporation of an Experimental Drum/Paper Thermal Contact Conductance Relationship,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 115, No. 4, pp. 291–300.
Asensio, M. C., 1992, “Simulation of Paper Drying with Incorporation of an Experimental Drum/Paper Thermal Contact Conductance Relationship,” M.S. thesis, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX.
Kuang, H., 1994, “Le Sechage du Papier Par Infrarouge,” Ph.D. dissertation, Universite Laval, Quebec, Canada.
Siegel, R., and Howell, J. R., 1992, “Thermal Radiation Heat Transfer,” Third Edition, Hemisphere Publishing Corp., Washington, D.C., pp. 175–176.

Figures

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Spectral absorption coefficient of water 16
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Schematic of experimental set-up
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Effect of basis weight on IR drying; initial DBMC∼1.5; samples: linerboard with 605 CSF.
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Effect of initial DBMC on IR drying; basis weight=200 g/m2; samples: linerboard with 680 CSF.
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Temperature profile for 100 g/m2 basis weight sample; initial DBMC∼1.5; samples: linerboard with 605 CSF.
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Temperature profile for 300 g/m2 basis weight sample; initial DBMC∼1.5; samples: linerboard with 605 CSF.
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Comparison of theoretical predictions with experimental data; DBMC versus IR exposure time for three different basis weights; samples: linerboard with 605 CSF.
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Comparison of theoretical predictions with experimental data; temperature versus IR exposure time for BW=100 g/m2, initial DBMC∼1.5; samples: linerboard with 605 CSF.
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Theoretical penetration depth for 1 percent of incident radiation energy versus DBMC (distributed uniformly); samples: linerboard with 605 CSF.

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