0
TECHNICAL PAPERS: Heat Pipes

A New Two-Phase Flow Map and Transition Boundary Accounting for Surface Tension Effects in Horizontal Miniature and Micro Tubes

[+] Author and Article Information
Ahmadali Tabatabai, Amir Faghri

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269-3139

J. Heat Transfer 123(5), 958-968 (Jan 22, 2001) (11 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1374440 History: Received July 12, 2000; Revised January 22, 2001
Copyright © 2001 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Faghri, A., 1995, Heat Pipe Science and Technology, Taylor & Francis, Washington.
Ostrach,  S., and Koestel,  A., 1965, “Film Instabilities in Two-Phase Flows,” AIChE J., 11, No. 2, pp. 294–303.
Rabas,  T. J., and Minard,  P. G., 1987, “Two Types of Flow Instabilities Occurring Inside Horizontal Tubes With Complete Condensation,” Heat Transfer Eng., 8, No. 1, pp. 40–49.
Teng,  H., Cheng,  P., and Zhao,  T. S., 1999, “Instability of Condensate Film And Capillary Blocking In Small-Diameter-Thermosyphon Condensers,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 42, pp. 3071–3083.
Dobson,  M. K., and Chato,  J. C., 1998, “Condensation in Smooth Horizontal Tubes,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 120, pp. 193–213.
Soliman, H. M., 1974, “Analytical and Experimental Studies of Flow Patterns During Condensation Inside Horizontal Tubes,” Ph.D. dissertation, Kansas State Univ.
Baker,  O., 1954, Simultaneous Flow of Oil and Gas, Oil & Gas J., 53, pp. 185–195.
Chato,  J. C., 1962, “Laminar Condensation Inside Horizontal and Inclined Tubes,” ASHRAE J., 4, pp. 52–60.
Suo, M., and Griffith, P., 1963, “Two Phase Flow in Capillary Tube,” Technical Report No. 8581-24, Mass. Institute of Technology.
Griffith, P., and Lee, K. S., 1964, “The Stability of an Annulus of Liquid in a Tube,” Trans. ASME, pp. 666–668.
Soliman,  H. M., and Azer,  N. Z., 1971, “Flow Patterns During Condensation Inside a Horizontal Tube,” ASHRAE Trans., 77, Part 1, pp. 210–224.
Traviss,  D. P., and Rohsenow,  W. M., 1973, “Flow Regimes in Horizontal Two-Phase Flow With Condensation,” ASHRAE Trans., 79, pp. 31–39.
Mandhane,  J. M., Gregory,  G. A., and Aziz,  K., 1974, “A Flow Pattern Map for Gas-Liquid Flow in Horizontal Pipes,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 1, pp. 537–553.
Taitel,  Y., and Dukler,  A. E., 1976, “A Model for Predicting Flow Regime Transitions in Horizontal and Near Horizontal Gas-Liquid Flow,” AIChE J., 22, No. 1, pp. 47–55.
Jaster,  H., and Kosky,  P. G., 1976, “Condensation Heat Transfer in a Mixed Flow Regime,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 19, pp. 95–99.
Weisman,  J., Duncan,  D., Gibson,  J., and Crawford,  T., 1979, “Effects of Fluid Properties And Pipe Diameter On Two-Phase Flow Patterns In Horizontal Lines,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 5, pp. 437–462.
Palen,  J. W., Breber,  G., and Taborek,  J., 1979, “Prediction of Flow Regimes in Horizontal Tube-Side Condensation,” Heat Transfer Eng., 1, No. 2, pp. 47–57.
Breber,  G., Palen,  J. W., and Taborek,  J., 1980, “Prediction of Horizontal Tubeside Condensation of Pure Components Using Flow Regime Criteria,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 102, pp. 471–476.
Tandon,  T. N., Varma,  H. K., and Gupta,  C. P., 1982, “A New Flow Regimes Map for Condensation Inside Horizontal Tubes,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 104, pp. 763–768.
Soliman,  H. M., 1982, “On the Annular-to-Wavy Flow Pattern Transition During Condensation Inside Horizontal Tubes,” Can. J. Chem. Eng., 60, pp. 475–481.
Barnea,  D., Luninski,  Y., and Taitel,  Y., 1983, “Flow Pattern in Horizontal and Vertical Two Phase Flow in Small Diameter Pipes,” Can. J. Chem. Eng., 61, pp. 617–620.
Soliman,  H. M., 1983, “Correlation of Mist-to-Annular Transition During Condensation,” Can. J. Chem. Eng., 61, pp. 178–182.
Soliman,  H. M., 1986, “The Mist-Annular Transition During Condensation and Its Influence on the Heat Transfer Mechanism,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 12, No. 2, pp. 277–288.
Rahman,  M. M., Fathi,  A. M., and Soliman,  H. M., 1985, “Flow Pattern Boundaries During Condensation: New Experimental Data,” Can. J. Chem. Eng., 63, pp. 547–552.
Fathi, A. M., 1980, Analysis of Two-Phase Flow Patterns of Condensing Steam Inside a Horizontal Tube, M.Sc. thesis, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada.
Damianides, C. A., and Westwater, J. W., 1988, “Two-Phase Flow Patterns in a Compact Heat Exchanger and in Small Tubes,” Proceedings of the 2nd U.K. National Conference on Heat Transfer, 2 , pp. 1257–1268.
Galbiati,  L., and Andreini,  P., 1992, “The Transition Between Stratified and Annular Regimes for Horizontal Two-Phase Flow in Small Diameter Tubes,” Int. Commun. Heat Mass Transfer, 19, pp. 185–190.
Palen, J. W., Kistler, R. S., and Yang, Z. F., 1993, “What We Still Don’t Know About Condensation in Tubes, Condensation and Condenser Design,” ASME Proceedings of the Engineering Foundation Conference on Condensation and Condenser Design, pp. 19–53.
Dobson,  M. K., Chato,  J. C., Hinde,  D. K., and Wang,  S. P., 1994, “Experimental Evaluation of Internal Condensation of Refrigerants R-12 and R-134a,” ASHRAE Trans., 100, No. 1, pp. 744–754.
Carey, V. P., 1992, Liquid-Vapor Phase-Change Phenomena: An Introduction to the Thermophysics of Vaporization and Condensation Processes in Heat Transfer Equipment, Taylor & Francis, Bristol, PA.
Zivi,  S. M., 1964, “Estimation of Steady State Steam Void-Fraction by Means of the Principle of Minimum Entropy Production,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 86, pp. 247–252.
Wallis, G. B., 1965, One Dimensional Two-Phase Flow, Wiley, New York.
Baroczy, C. J., 1965, “Correlation of Liquid Fraction in Two-Phase Flow With Applications to Liquid Metals,” Chemical Engineering Progress Symposium Series, 61 , No. 57, pp. 179–191.
Thom,  J. R. S., 1964, “Prediction of Pressure Drop During Forced Circulation Boiling of Water,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 7, pp. 709–724.
Lockhart,  R. W., and Martinelli,  R. C., 1949, “Proposed Correlation of Data for Isothermal Two-Phase, Two-Component Flow in Pipes,” Chem. Eng. Prog., 45, No. 1, pp. 39–48.
Smith,  S. L., 1969–70, “Void Fraction in Two-Phase Flow: A Correlation Based Upon an Equal Velocity Head Model,” Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Thermodynamics and Fluid Mechanics Group, Vol. 184, Pt. 1, No. 36, pp. 647–657.
Wedekind,  G. L., Bhatt,  B. L., and Beck,  B. T., 1978, “A System Mean Void Fraction Model For Predicting Various Transient Phenomena Associated With Two-Phase Evaporating and Condensing Flows,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 4, pp. 97–114.
Levich, V. G., 1962, Physicochemical Hydrodynamics, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N. J.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Flow patterns of two-phase condensation flow in capillary horizontal tubes
Grahic Jump Location
Equivalent liquid and gas fraction in two-phase flow in a horizontal tube
Grahic Jump Location
Schematic of force balance elements for a given unit length of flow
Grahic Jump Location
Proposed generalized flow map with transition boundaries
Grahic Jump Location
Effect of tube diameter on transition boundaries for the proposed flow map for two-phase condensation horizontal flow of R-12 at Tsat=83.4°C
Grahic Jump Location
Effect of working fluid (steam at 110°C and R12 at 83.4°C) surface tension on transition boundaries for the proposed flow map for flow in 4 mm horizontal tube
Grahic Jump Location
Comparison of proposed flow map and transition boundaries for two-phase flow in horizontal tubes with experimental data for air (20°C)/water (15°C): (a) 1 mm; (b) 2 mm; (c) 3 mm; (d) 4 mm (air and water at 25°C); (e) 5 mm.
Grahic Jump Location
Comparison of proposed flow map and transition boundaries for two-phase condensation flow in horizontal tubes with experimental data for R-113: (a) 4.76 mm (Tsat=143.9°C); and (b) 12.7 mm (Tsat=139.1°C).
Grahic Jump Location
Comparison of proposed transition boundaries in horizontal tubes with flow map and regimes of Mandhane et al. 10 (Mandhane et al. regimes spelled in small letters): (a) air (20°C)/water (15°C) in 1 mm; and (b) R113 (143.9°C) in 4.76 mm.
Grahic Jump Location
Comparison of proposed transition boundaries in horizontal tubes with flow map and regimes of Tandon et al. 8 (Tandon et al. regimes spelled in small letters): (a) air (20°C)/water (15°C) in 1 mm; and (b) R113 (143.9°C) in 4.76 mm.

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In