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TECHNICAL NOTE

Electrochemical Mass Transfer at Moderate Rayleigh Numbers

[+] Author and Article Information
R. J. Goldstein

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Minnesota, 111 Church St. S. E., Minneapolis, MN 55455

A. S. Fleischer

Villanova University, Department of Mechanical Engineering, 800 Lancaster Avenue, Villanova, PA 19085 e-mail: amy.fleischer@villanova.edu

P. B. Hogerton

3M Center, St. Paul, MN 55144

J. Heat Transfer 123(5), 1015-1017 (Mar 20, 2001) (3 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1392991 History: Received November 09, 2000; Revised March 20, 2001

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References

Koschmieder, E. L., 1993, Benard Cells and Taylor Vortices, Cambridge University Press.
Rossby,  H. T., 1969, “A Study of Benard Convection With and Without Rotation,” J. Fluid Mech., 36, pp. 309–335.
Krishnamurti,  R., 1970, “On the Transition to Turbulent Convection. Part 1. The Transition From Two to Three Dimensional Flow,” J. Fluid Mech., 42, pp. 295–307.
Willis,  G. E., Deardorff,  J. W., and Somerville,  R. C., 1972, “Roll Diameter Dependence in Rayleigh Convection and its Effects Upon the Heat Flux,” J. Fluid Mech., 54, pp. 351–367.
Krishnamurti,  R., 1973, “Some Further Studies on the Transition to Turbulent Convection,” J. Fluid Mech., 60, pp. 285–303.
Busse, F. H., 1981, “Transition to Turbulence in Rayleigh-Benard Convection,” in Topics in Applied Physics, H. L. Swinney and J. P. Gollub, eds., 45 , pp. 97–137.
Goldstein,  R. J., and Tokuda,  S., 1980, “Heat Transfer by Thermal Convection at High Rayleigh Numbers,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 23, pp. 738–740.
Goldstein,  R. J., Chiang,  H. D., and See,  D. L., 1990, “High-Rayleigh-Number Convection in a Horizontal Enclosure,” J. Fluid Mech., 213, pp. 111–126.
Garon,  A. M., and Goldstein,  R. J., 1973, “Velocity and Heat Transfer Measurements in Thermal Convection,” Phys. Fluids, 16, pp. 1818–1825.
Heslot,  F., Castaing,  B., and Libchaber,  A., 1987, “Transitions to Turbulence in Helium Gas,” Physical Review A,36, pp. 5870–5873.
Castaing,  B., Gunaratne,  G., Heslot,  F., Kadanoff,  L., Libchaber,  A., Thomae,  S., Wu,  X.-Z., Zaleski,  S., and Zanetti,  G., 1989, “Scaling of Hard Thermal Turbulence in Rayleigh-Benard Convection,” J. Fluid Mech., 204, pp. 1–30.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Comparison of present data to high and moderate Prandtl number studies
Grahic Jump Location
Cathodic deposition patterns: (a) Ra=2.0×103; (b) Ra=1.0×104, and (c) Ra=1.2×106.

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