TECHNICAL PAPERS: Heat Transfer in Combustion

Characterization of Particulate From Fires Burning Silicone Fluids

[+] Author and Article Information
Yudaya Sivathanu

En’Urga Inc., West Lafayette, IN 47906

Anthony Hamins, George Mulholland, Takashi Kashiwagi

National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD 20899

Robert Buch

Dow Corning Corporation, Auburn, MI 48611

J. Heat Transfer 123(6), 1093-1097 (Nov 03, 2000) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1389057 History: Received February 06, 2000; Revised November 03, 2000
Copyright © 2001 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Kanakia, M., 1979, “Characterization of Transformer Fluid Pool Fires by Heat Release Rate Calorimetry,” 4th International Conference on Fire Safety, San Francisco, CA.
Buch,  R. R., 1991, “Rate of Heat Release and Related Fire Parameters for Silicones,” Fire Saf. J., 17, pp. 1–12.
Buch,  R., Hamins,  A., Konishi,  K., Mattingly,  D., and Kashiwagi,  T., 1997, “Radiative Emission Fraction of Pool Fires Burning Silicone Fluids,” Combust. Flame, 108, pp. 118–126.
Ulrich,  G. D., and Subramanian,  N. S., 1977, “Particle Growth in Flames III. Coalescence as a Rate-Controlling Process,” Combust. Sci. Technol., 17, pp. 119–126.
Zachariah,  M. R., Chin,  D., and Semerjian,  H. G., 1989, “Silica Particle Synthesis in a Counterflow Diffusion Flame Reactor,” Combust. Flame, 78, pp. 287–298.
Tokuhashi,  K., Horiguchi,  S., Urano,  Y., and Kondo,  S., 1990, “Premixed Disilane-Oxygen-Nitrogen Flames,” Combust. Flame, 81, pp. 317–324.
Allendrof,  M. D., Melius,  C. F., Ho,  P., and Zachariah,  M. R., 1995, “Theoretical Study of the Thermochemistry of Molecules in the Si-O-H System,” J. Phys. Chem., 99, pp. 15285–15293.
Britton, L. G., 1989, “Combustion Hazards of Silane and Its Chlorides,” Paper 12b, Loss Prevention Symposium, AIChE Spring National Meeting and Petrochemical EXPO’89, Houston, TX.
Lipowitz,  J., 1976, “Flammability Properties of Poly(dimethylsiloxane). 1. A Model for Combustion,” J. Fire Flam., 7, pp. 482–503.
Sivathanu,  Y. R., Gore,  J. P., and Dollinar,  J., 1991, “Transient Scalar Properties of Strongly Radiating Jet Flames,” Combust. Sci. Technol., 76, pp. 45–66.
Sivathanu,  Y. R., and Gore,  J. P., 1992, “Transient Structure and Radiation Properties of Strongly Radiating Buoyant Flames,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 114, pp. 659–665.
Zeng,  J. S. Q., Greif,  R., Stevens,  P., Ayers,  M., and Hunt,  A., 1996, “Effective Optical Constants n and k and Extinction Coefficient of Silica Aerogels,” J. Mater. Res., 11, pp. 687–693.
Mulholland, G. W., and Choi, M. Y., 1998, “Measurement of the Mass Specific Extinction Coefficient for Acetylene and Ethene Smoke Using the Large Agglomerate Optics Facility,” Twenty-Seventh Symposium (Int.) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, pp. 1515–1522.
Patterson,  E. M., Duckworth,  R. M., Wyman,  C. M., Powell,  E. A., and Gooch,  J. W., 1991, “Measurement of Optical Properties of Smoke Emission from Plastics, Hydrocarbons and other Urban Fuels for Nuclear Winter Studies,” Atmos. Environ., 25, pp. 2539–2552.
Mulholland,  G. W., and Bryner,  N. P., 1994, “Radiometric Model of the Transmission Cell-Reciprocal Nephelometer,” Atmos. Environ., 28, pp. 873–887.
Zhu, J., Choi, M. Y., and Mulholland, G. W., 2000, “Soot Scattering in the Visible and Near-Infrared Spectrum,” Twenty-Eigth Symposium (Int.) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, pp. 439–446.
International Organization of Standardization 1993, Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement, Geneve, Switzerland.
Choi, M. Y., Hamins, A., Rushmeier, H., and Kashiwagi, T., 1994, “Simultaneous Optical Measurement of Soot Volume Fraction, Temperature and CO2 in a Heptane Pool Fire,” Twenty-Fifth Symposium (Int.) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, pp. 1471–1480.
Siegel, R., and Howell, J. R., 1992, Thermal Radiation Heat Transfer, Hemisphere Publishing Corporation, Washington, DC.
Sivathanu,  Y. R., Gore,  J. P., Jenssen,  J., and Senser,  D. W., 1993, “A Study of In-situ Specific Absorption Coefficients of Soot Particles in Laminar Flat Flames,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 115, pp. 653–658.
Habib,  Z. G., and Vervisch,  P., 1988, “On the Refractive Index of Soot at Flame Temperature,” Combust. Sci. Technol., 59, pp. 261–274.
Galbraith Laboratory, 1995, “Report of Elemental Analysis for Carbon and Hydrogen.”
Dow Corning Corp., 1995, “Report of Elemental Analysis for Silicon.”
Dalzell,  W. H., and Sarofim,  A. F., 1969, “Optical Constants of Soot and their Application to Heat Flux Calculations,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 91, pp. 100–104.
Gordon, S., and McBride, B., 1976, “Computer Program for the Calculation of Complex Chemical Equilibrium Compositions, Rocket Performance, Incident and Reflected Shocks, and Chapman-Jouget Detonations,” NASA Special Publication, No. SP-273.
Sivathanu, Y. R., 1990, “Soot and Radiation Properties of Buoyant Turbulent Diffusion Flames,” Ph.D. thesis, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.


Grahic Jump Location
Schematic diagram of the transmission cell reciprocal nephelometer
Grahic Jump Location
Experimental arrangement used for multi-wavelength transmittance measurements
Grahic Jump Location
TEM data obtained in the plume of a 10 cm diameter D4 fire
Grahic Jump Location
Conditional mean and RMS of spectral extinction
Grahic Jump Location
Mean temperatures along the centerline as a function of distance above a 10 cm diameter D4 pool fire. Measurements from a 10 cm heptane pool fire are also shown 18.
Grahic Jump Location
Mean particulate volume fractions along the centerline as a function of distance above a 10 cm diameter D4 pool fire. Measurements from a 10 cm heptane pool fire are also shown 18.
Grahic Jump Location
PDF of ash volume fraction at an axial location 2 cm above the 10 cm diameter pool fire burning D4




Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In