Jiji,
L. M., and Clark,
J. A., 1964, “Bubble Boundary Layer and Temperature Profiles for Forced Convection Boiling in Two-Phase Flow,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 86, pp. 50–58.

Dix, G. E., 1971, “Vapor Void Fraction for Forced Convection with Subcooled Boiling at Low Flow Rates,” General Electric Report NEDO-10491.

Delhaye,
J. M., Semeria,
R., and Flamand,
J. C., 1973, “Void Fraction, Vapor and Liquid Temperatures; Local Measurements in Two-Phase Flow Using a Microthermocouple,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 95, pp. 363–370.

Roy,
R. P., Velidandla,
V., Kalra,
S. P., and Peturaud,
P., 1994, “Local Measurements in the Two-Phase Region of Turbulent Subcooled Boiling Flow,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 116, pp. 660–669.

Roy,
R. P., Velidandla,
V., and Kalra,
S. P., 1997, “Velocity Field in Turbulent Subcooled Boiling Flow,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 119, pp. 754–766.

Marié,
J. L., 1982, “Investigation of Two-Phase Bubbly Flows Using Laser-Doppler Anemometry,” PCH, PhysicoChem. Hydrodyn., 4, pp. 103–118.

Lance,
M., and Bataille,
J., 1991, “Turbulence in the Liquid Phase of the Uniform Bubbly Air-Water Flow,” J. Fluid Mech., 222, pp. 95–118.

Grossetéte, C., 1995, “Experimental Investigation and Preliminary Numerical Simulation of Void Profile Development in a Vertical Cylindrical Pipe,” *Proceedings of Multiphase Flow Conference*, Vol. 2, Kyoto, Japan, A. Serizawa et al., eds.

Ishii, M., 1975, *Thermo-Fluid Dynamic Theory of Two-Phase Flows*, 1st ed., Eyrolles, Paris, France.

Drew,
D. A., 1983, “Mathematical Modeling of Two-Phase Flow,” Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech., 15, pp. 261–291.

Dykhuizen,
R. C., Roy,
R. P., and Kalra,
S. P., 1986, “A Linear Time-Domain Two-Fluid Model Analysis of Dynamic Instability in Boiling Flow Systems,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 108, pp. 100–108.

Delhaye,
J. M., 1974, “Jump Conditions and Entropy Sources in Two-Phase Systems. Local Instant Formulation,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 1, pp. 395–409.

Bel F’dhila, R., and Simonin, O., 1992, “Eulerian Prediction of a Turbulent Bubbly Flow Downstream of a Sudden Pipe Expansion,” *Proceedings of the Fifth Workshop on Two-Phase Flow Predictions*, Erlangen, Germany.

Lopez de Bertodano,
M., Lahey,
R. T., and Jones,
O. C., 1994, “Development of a k-ε Model for Bubbly Two-Phase Flow,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 116, pp. 128–134.

Morel, C., and Bestion, D., 1997, “Study About Turbulence Modeling in Steam-Water Two-Phase Flows,” *ASME Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting*, New York, pp. 1–10.

Marié,
J. L., Moursali,
E., and Tran-Cong,
S., 1997, “Similarity Law and Turbulence Intensity Profiles in a Bubbly Boundary Layer at Low Void Fractions,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 23, pp. 227–247.

Kang,
S., Patil,
B. K., and Roy,
R. P., 2001, “Effects of Coincidence Window and Measuring Volume Size on Laser Doppler Velocimetry Measurement of Turbulence,” Exp. Fluids, 30, pp. 365–370.

Wroblewski,
D. E., and Eibeck,
P. A., 1991, “A Frequency Response Compensation Technique for Cold Wires and Its Application to a Heat Flux Probe,” Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci., 4, pp. 452–463.

Kang,
S., Patil,
B. K., Roy,
R. P., and Zarate,
J. A., 2001, “Isothermal and Turbulent Heated Upflow in a Vertical Concentric Annular Channel—Part I. Measurements,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 44, No. 6, pp. 1171–1184.

Cartellier,
A., 1990, “Optical Probes for Local Void Fraction Measurements: Characterization of Performance,” Rev. Sci. Instrum., 61, No. 2, pp. 874–886.

Sato,
Y., and Sekoguchi,
K., 1975, “Liquid Velocity Distribution in Two-Phase Bubble Flow,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 2, pp. 79–95.

Thai Van, D., Minier, J., Simonin, O., Freydier, P., and Olive, J., 1994, “Multidimensional Two-Fluid Model Computation of Turbulent Dispersed Two-Phase Flows,” *Numerical Methods in Multiphase Flows*, ASME FED-Vol. 185, pp. 277–291.

Simonin, O., 1990, “Eulerian Formulation for Particle Dispersion in Turbulent Two-Phase Flows,” M. Sommerfeld and D. Wennerberg, eds., *Proceedings of the Fifth Workshop on Two-Phase Flow Predictions*, Erlangen, Germany.

Elgobashi,
S., and Abou-Arab,
T., 1983, “A Two-Equation Turbulence Model for Two-Phase Flows,” Phys. Fluids, 26, pp. 931–938.

Simonin, O., and Viollet, P., 1989, “Numerical Study on Phase Dispersion Mechanisms in Turbulent Bubbly Flows,” *Proceedings of the International Conference on Mechanics of Two-Phase Flows*, Taipei, Taiwan.

Zeitoun,
O., Shoukri,
M., and Chatoorgoon,
V., 1995, “Interfacial Heat Transfer Between Steam Bubbles and Subcooled Water in Vertical Upward Flow,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 117, pp. 402–407.

Zarate, J. A., 2000, “Numerical Simulation of Turbulent Heated Liquid and Subcooled Boiling Flows With Input From Experiments,” Ph.D. thesis, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ.

Boree, J., and Freydier, P., 1993, “Boiling Water Flows. A Local Wall Heat Transfer Model for Use in Eulerian 3-D Computer Code,” Second ASME-JSME International Conference on Nuclear Engineering, San Francisco, CA.

Kurul, N., and Podowski, M. Z., 1990, “Multidimensional Effects in Forced Convection Subcooled Boiling,” *Proceedings of the Ninth International Heat Transfer Conference*, Jerusalem, Vol. 2, pp. 21–26.

Hasan,
A., Roy,
R. P., and Kalra,
S. P., 1990, “Experiments on Subcooled Flow Boiling Heat Transfer in a Vertical Annular Channel,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 33, pp. 2285–2293.

Yanenko, N. N., 1971, *The Method of Fractional Steps*, 1st ed., Springer- Verlag, Berlin, Germany.

Kim,
J., and Moin,
P., 1985, “Application of a Fractional-Step Method to Incompressible Navier-Stokes Equations,” J. Comput. Phys., 59, pp. 308–323.

Brighton,
J. A., and Jones,
J., 1964, “Fully Developed Turbulent Flow in Annuli,” ASME J. Basic Eng., 86, pp. 835–844.