Computations of the Flow and Heat Transfer in Microdevices Using DSMC With Implicit Boundary Conditions

[+] Author and Article Information
Yichuan Fang, William W. Liou

Department of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI 49008

J. Heat Transfer 124(2), 338-345 (Oct 01, 2001) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1447933 History: Received May 02, 2001; Revised October 01, 2001
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Ho, C. M., and Tai, Y. C., 1994, MEMS: Science and Technology, Application of Microfabrication to Fluid Mechanics, ASME, pp. 39–49.
Bird, G. A., 1994, Molecular Gas Dynamics and the Direct Simulation of Gas Flows, Oxford Science Publications.
Moss,  J. N., Mitcheltree,  R. A., Dogra,  V. K., and Wilmoth,  R. G., 1994, “Direct Simulation Monte Carlo and Navier-Stokes Simulations of Blunt Body Wake Flow,” AIAA J., 32, pp. 1399–1406.
Rault,  A. G., and Woronowicz,  M. S., 1995, “Application of Direct Simulation Monte Carlo Satelite Contamination Studies,” J. Spacecr. Rockets, 32, pp. 392–397.
Ivanov, M., Markelov, G. N., Gimelshein, S. F., Mishna, L. V., Krylov, A. N., and Grechko, N. V, 1997, “Capsule Aerodynamics With Real Gas Effects From Free Molecular to Near-Continuum Regions,” AIAA paper 97-0476.
Oh, C. K., Oran, E. S., and Cybyk, B. Z., 1995, “Microchannel Flow Computed with DSMC-MLG,” AIAA Paper 95-2090.
Piekos, E. S., and Breuer, K. S., 1995, “DSMC Modeling of Micromechanical Devices,” AIAA Paper 95-2089.
Xue,  H., Fan,  Q., and Shu,  C., 2000, “Prediction of Micro-channel Flows Using Direct Simulation Monte Carlo,” Probab. Eng. Mech., 15, pp. 213–219.
Sun,  H., and Faghri,  M., 2000, “Effects of Rarefaction and Compressibility of Gaseous Flow in Microchannel Using DSMC,” Numer. Heat Transfer, Part A, 38, pp. 153–168.
Muntz,  E. P., 1989, “Rarefied Gas Dynamics,” Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech., 21, pp. 387–417.
Oran,  E. S., Oh,  C. K., and Cybyk,  B. Z., 1998, “Direct Simulation Monte Carlo: Recent Advances and Applications,” Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech., 30, pp. 403–441.
Liou,  W. W., and Fang,  Y. C., 2001, “Heat Transfer in Microchannel Devices Using DSMC,” J. Microelectromech. Syst., 10, pp. 274–279.
Liou,  W. W., and Fang,  Y. C., 2000, “Implicit Boundary Conditions for Direct Simulation Monte Carlo Method in MEMS Flow Predictions,” Computer Modeling in Engineering & Science, 1, No. 4, pp. 119–128.
Nance,  R. P., Hash,  D. B., and Hassan,  H. A., 1998, “Role of Boundary Conditions in Monte Carlo Simulation of MEMS Devices,” J. Thermophys. Heat Transfer, 12, No. 3, pp. 447–449.
Whitfield, D. L., and Janus, J. M., 1984, “Three-Dimensional Unsteady Euler Equations Solution Using Flux Vector Splitting,” AIAA Paper 84-1552.
Cai,  C., Boyd,  I. D., and Fan,  J., 2000, “Direct Simulation Methods for Low-Speed Microchannel Flows,” J. Thermophys. Heat Transfer, 14, No. 3, pp. 368–378.
Fan,  J., and Shen,  C., 2001, “Statistical Simulation of Low-Speed Rarefied Gas Flows,” Journal of Computational Physics, 167, 393–412.
Weast, R. C., Astle, M. J., and Beyer, W. H., 1984, CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 64th Edition, CRC Press.
Harley,  J., Huang,  Y., Bau,  H., and Zemel,  J., 1995, “Gas Flow in Micro-channels,” J. Fluid Mech., 284, pp. 257–274.
Arkilic, E., Breuer, K., and Schmidt, M., 1994, “Gaseous Flow in Microchannels,” Application of Microfabrication to Fluid Mechanics, FED-Vol. 197, ASME 1994.
Fang, Y. C., and Liou, W. W., 2002, “Microfluid Flow Computations Using a Parallel DSMC Code,” AIAA Paper 2002–1057.
Bird, G. A., 2000, private communication.
Beskok,  A., Karniadakis,  G. E., and Trimmer,  W., 1996, “Rarefaction and Compressibility Effects in Gas Microflows,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 118, pp. 448–456.


Grahic Jump Location
Simulated micro-geometries
Grahic Jump Location
Comparison of the temperature profile for micro-Couette flow
Grahic Jump Location
Evolution of the downstream pressure, Case 2
Grahic Jump Location
(a) Evolution of mass fluxes, Case 2; and (b) evolution of the streamwise velocity, Case 2.
Grahic Jump Location
Streamwise velocity magnitude contours
Grahic Jump Location
Slip velocity on the wall
Grahic Jump Location
Comparison of normalized slip velocity distributions
Grahic Jump Location
Comparison of temperature profiles
Grahic Jump Location
Sketch for patterned microchannel
Grahic Jump Location
Temperature distributions
Grahic Jump Location
Temperature-jump on the upper and lower wall
Grahic Jump Location
Comparison of heat transfer on the upper wall




Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In