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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Porous Media

Heat and Fluid Flow Within an Anisotropic Porous Medium

[+] Author and Article Information
A. Nakayama, F. Kuwahara, T. Umemoto, T. Hayashi

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Shizuoka University, 3-5-1 Johoku, Hamamatsu, 432 Japan

J. Heat Transfer 124(4), 746-753 (Jul 16, 2002) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1481355 History: Received October 04, 2001; Revised March 01, 2002; Online July 16, 2002
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
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References

Cheng,  P., 1978, “Heat Transfer in Geothermal Systems,” Adv. Heat Transfer, 14, pp. 1–105.
Quintard,  M., and Whitaker,  S., 1993, “One and Two Equation Models for Transient Diffusion in Two-Phase Systems,” Adv. Heat Transfer, 23, pp. 269–464.
Kaviany, M., 1995, Principles of Heat Transfer in Porous Media, 2nd ed., Springer Verlag, New York.
Nield, D. A., and Bejan, A., 1998, Convection in Porous Media, Springer-Verlag, New York.
Vafai, K., 2000, Handbook of Porous Media, Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York.
Nakayama, A., Kuwahara, F., Naoki, A., and Xu, G., 2001, “A Three-Energy Equation Model Based on a Volume Averaging Theory for Analyzing Complex Heat and Fluid Flow in Heat Exchangers,” Proc. Int. Conf. Energy Conversion and Application, Wuhan, China, (ICECA’2001), pp. 506–512.
DesJardin, P. E., 2001, private communication.
Kuwahara, F., Nakayama, A., and Koyama, H., 1994, “Numerical Modeling of Heat and Fluid Flow in a Porous Medium,” Proc. 10th Int. Heat Transfer Conf., 5 , pp. 309–314.
Nakayama, A., and Kuwahara, F., 2000, “Numerical Modeling of Convective Heat Transfer in Porous Media Using Microscopic Structures,” Handbook of Porous Media, Vafai, K. ed., Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, pp. 441–488.
Nakayama,  A., and Kuwahara,  F., 1999, “A Macroscopic Turbulence Model for Flow in a Porous Medium,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 121, pp. 427–433.
Kuwahara,  F., Shirota,  M., and Nakayama,  A., 2001, “A Numerical Study of Interfacial Convective Heat Transfer Coefficient in Two-Energy Equation Model for Convection in Porous Media,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 44, pp. 1153–1159.
Nakayama, A., Kuwahara, F., Kawamura, Y., and Koyama, H., 1995, “Three-Dimensional Numerical Simulation of Flow Through a Microscopic Porous Structure,” Proc. ASME/JSME Thermal Engineering Conf., 3 , pp. 313–318.
Patankar,  S. V., and Spalding,  D. B., 1972, “A Calculation Procedure for Heat, Mass and Momentum Transfer in Three-Dimensional Parabolic Flows,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 15, pp. 1787–1806.
Patankar, S. V., 1980, Numerical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow, Hemisphere, Washington, DC.
Nakayama, A., 1995, PC-Aided Numerical Heat Transfer and Convective Flow, CRC Press, pp. 177–250.
Forchheimer, P. H., 1901, “Wasserbewegung durch Boden,” Z. Ver. Dtsch. Ing., 45 , pp. 1782–1788.
Dullien, F. A. L., 1979, Porous Media: Fluid Transport and Pore Structure, Academic Press, pp. 215–219.
Wakao, N., and Kaguei, S., 1982, Heat and Mass Transfer in Packed Beds, Gorden and Breach Sci. Publishers, New York, pp. 243–295.
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Nakayama,  A., Nakayama,  A., and Xu,  G., 2001, “A Two-Energy Equation Model in Porous Media,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 44, pp. 4375–4379.
Hsu,  C. T., 1999, “A Closure Model for Transient Heat Conduction in Porous Media,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 121, pp. 733–739.

Figures

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Physical model and its coordinate system
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Velocity vector plots (H/L=1) (a) α=0 deg (b) α=45 deg
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Velocity vector plots (H/L=3/2) (a) α=0 deg (b) α=45 deg
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Dimensionless plot of pressure gradient for a low Reynolds number range: (a) H/L=1 and (b) H/L=3/2
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Directional permeability
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Dimensionless plot of pressure gradient for a high Reynolds number range: (a) H/L=1 and (b) H/L=3/2
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Directional Forchheimer coefficient
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Isotherms (H/L=1,Prf=1): (a) α=0 deg and (b) α=45 deg
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Isotherms (H/L=3/2,Prf=1): (a) α=0 deg and (b) α=45 deg
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Effect of Reynolds number on Nusselt number: (a) H/L=1 and (b) H/L=3/2
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Effect of α on the coefficient cf
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Effect of α on the coefficient df

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