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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Combustion and Reactive Flows

Structure and Dynamics of Laminar Jet Micro-Slot Diffusion Flames

[+] Author and Article Information
John Baker, Mark E. Calvert

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487-0276

David W. Murphy

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294-4461

J. Heat Transfer 124(4), 783-790 (Jul 16, 2002) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1482083 History: Received February 20, 2001; Revised March 19, 2002; Online July 16, 2002
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
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References

Davis,  R. W., Moore,  E. F., Santoro,  R. J., and Ness,  J. R., 1990, “Isolation of Buoyancy Effects in Jet Diffusion Flame Experiments,” Combust. Sci. Technol., 73, pp. 625–635.
Dietrich, D. L., Ross, H. D., and T’ien, J. S., 1994, “Candle Flames in Non-Buoyant and Weakly Buoyant Atmospheres,” AIAA Paper No. 94-0429.
Mell, W. E., McGrattan, K. B., and Baum, H. R., 1999, “Simulation of Combustion Systems with Realistic g-Jitter,” in Fifth International Microgravity Combustion Workshop, May 18–20, The National Center for Microgravity Research on Fluids and Combustion, NASA Glenn Research Center.
Ban,  H., Venkatesh,  S., and Saito,  K., 1994, “Convection-Diffusion Controlled Laminar Micro Flames,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 116, pp. 954–959.
Spalding, D. B., 1979, Combustion and Mass Transfer, Pergamon Press, New York.
Burke,  S. P., and Schumann,  T. E. W., 1928, “Diffusion Flames,” Ind. Eng. Chem., 20(10), pp. 998–1004.
Roper,  F. G., 1977, “The Prediction of Laminar Jet Diffusion Flame Sizes: Part I. Theoretical Model,” Combust. Flame, 29, pp. 219–226.
Roper,  F. G., Smith,  C., and Cuningham,  A. C., 1977, “The Prediction of Laminar Jet Diffusion Flame Sizes: Part II. Experimental Verification,” Combust. Flame, 29, pp. 227–234.
Villermaux,  E., and Durox,  D., 1992, “On the Physics of Diffusion Flames,” Combust. Sci. Technol., 84, pp. 279–294.
Turns, S. R., 2000, An Introduction to Combustion, 2nd Ed., McGraw-Hill, New York.
Williams, F. A., 1985, Combustion Theory, 2nd Ed., Benjamin Cummings, New York.
Tien, J. S., 2000, “The Role of Radiation on Microgravity Flames,” 8th International Conference on Numerical Combustion, March 5–8, Amelia Island, Florida, USA.
Nakamura, Y., Ban, H., Saito, K., and Takeno, T., 2000, “Structure of Micro (Millimeter) Diffusion Flames,” 3rd International Symposium on Scale Modeling, Sept. 10–13, Nagoya, Japan.
Mitchell,  R. E., Sarofim,  A. F., and Clomburg,  L. A., 1980, “Experimental and Numerical Investigation of Confined Laminar Diffusion Flames,” Combust. Flame, 37, pp. 227–244.
Reid, R. C., Prausnitz, J. M., and Poling, B. E., 1987, The Properties of Gases and Liquids, 4th Ed., McGraw-Hill, New York.

Figures

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A schematic diagram of the experimental test cell
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A schematic diagram of the burner port
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Photographic images of typical micro-slot diffusion flames. Note an increasing flow rate from the bottom to the top.
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Schematic representation of Burner Port B2 flame shapes: (1) 2.2 mL/min, (2) 5 mL/min, (3) 7 mL/min, (4) 9 mL/min, and (5) 10 mL/min.
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Micro-slot diffusion flame height as a function of flow rate for Burner Port B1
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Micro-slot diffusion flame height as a function of flow rate for Burner Port B2
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Micro-slot diffusion flame height as a function of flow rate for Burner Port B3
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Theoretical versus experimental diffusion to buoyancy parameter

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