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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Combustion and Reactive Flows

Measurements of Heat Transfer to a Massive Cylindrical Calorimeter Engulfed in a Circular Pool Fire

[+] Author and Article Information
M. Alex Kramer, Miles Greiner

Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Nevada, Reno, NV 89557

J. A. Koski, Carlos Lopez

Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM 87185-0717

Ahti Suo-Anttila

Innovative Technology Solutions Corporation, Albuquerque, NM 87110-4162

J. Heat Transfer 125(1), 110-117 (Jan 29, 2003) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1527905 History: Received October 12, 2001; Revised September 09, 2002; Online January 29, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
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References

U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, 2001, “Packaging and Transportation of Radioactive Material,” Code of Federal Regulations, Title 10, Part 71.
International Atomic Energy Agency, 1985, “Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material,” Safety Series No. 6, IAEA, Vienna.
Suo-Anttila, A. J., Koski, J. A., and Gritzo, L. A., 1999, “CAFE: A Computer Tool for Accurate Simulation of the Regulatory Pool Fire Environment for Type B Packages,” Proceedings of the ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference, August 1–5, 1999, Boston, MA.
Nuclear Packaging Inc., 1989, “Safety Analysis Report for the TRUPACT-II Shipping Package,” Docket Number 71-9218.
Gregory,  J. J., Keltner,  N. R., and Mata,  R., 1989, “Thermal Measurements in Large Pool Fires,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 111, pp. 446–454.
Koski,  J. A., Gritzo,  L. A., Kent,  L. A., and Wix,  S. D., 1996, “Actively Cooled Calorimeter Measurements and Environment Characterization in a Large Pool Fire,” Fire Mater., 20(2), pp. 69–78.
Nakos,  J. T., and Keltner,  N. R., 1989, “The Radiative-Convective Partitioning of Heat Transfer to Structures in Large Pool Fires,” Heat Transfer in Radiation, Combustion, and Fires, R. K. Shah, ed., 106(2), pp. 381–3878.
Ju, H., Greiner, M., and Suo-Anttila, A., 2001, “Computer Simulations of a Generic Truck Cask in a Regulatory Fire Using the Container Analysis Fire Environment (CAFE) Code,” Int. J. of Radioactive Materials Transport, 13, pp. 35–40.
Kramer, M. A., Greiner, M., and Koski, J. A., 2001, “Radiation Heat Transfer to the Leeward Side of a Massive Object Suspended Over a Pool Fire,” presented at the 2001 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, November 11–16, 2001, New York, Paper No. IMECE2001/HTD-24250.
Kramer, M. A., Greiner, M., Koski, J. A., Lopez, C., and Suo-Anttila, A. J., 2000, “Design of an Experiment to Measure Heat Transfer to a Massive Object Engulfed in a Full Scale Regulatory Fire,” Proc. 2000 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference, Seattle WA, July 23–27.
Kramer, M. A., Greiner, M., Koski, J. A., and Lopez, C., “Uncertainty of Heat Transfer Measurements in an Engulfing Pool Fire,” presented at the Symposium on Thermal Measurements: The Foundation of Fire Standards, ASTM Committee E05 on Fire Standards, Dallas Texas, December 3, 2001.
Koski, J. A., 2000, “Measurement of Temperature Distributions in Large Pool Fires with the use of Directional Flame Thermometers,” Proc. 2000 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference, Seattle WA, July 23–27.
Blanchat, T. K., Humphries, L. L., and Gill, W., May 2000, “Sandia Heat Flux Gauge Thermal Response and Uncertainty Models,” issued by Sandia National Laboratories, SAND2000-1111, 45 pages.
Blackwell, B. F., Douglass, R. W., and Wolf, H., 1987, “A User’s Manual for the Sandia One-Dimensional Direct and Inverse Thermal (SODDIT) Code,” issued by Sandia National Laboratories, SAND85-2478, 136 pages.
Kramer, M. A., 2001, “Measurements of Heat Transfer to a Massive Cylindrical Object Engulfed in a Regulatory Pool Fire,” M.S. thesis, University of Nevada, Reno, NV.

Figures

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Plan view of the experimental test facility: (a) wind fences, anemometer location, and compass directions; and (b) calorimeter instrumentation, water and fuel pools
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Outside-fence wind speed versus time
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Fire photographs (a) low wind, and (b) slight crosswind
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Environment emissive power versus time at θ=0, 90, 180, and 270 deg measured by south facing DFT’s at x=1.96 m
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Measured inner surface temperature versus time for θ=0, 90, 180, and 270 deg at x=1.96 m
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Measured inner surface temperature TIN versus angular position and time for x=0, 0.73, 1.96, and 3.78 m
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Measured inner surface temperature versus axial location at t=20 min for θ=0 deg, 90 deg, 180 deg, and 270 deg
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SODDIT-calculated exterior surface heat flux and temperature, and the measured inner surface temperature versus time for θ=90 deg at x=1.96 m. The Curie-bridge is also shown.
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SODDIT-calculated exterior surface heat flux versus time for θ=0, 90, 180, and 279 deg at x=1.96 m
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SODDIT-calculated exterior surface heat flux qOUT versus angular position and time for x=0.73, 1.96, and 3.78 m

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