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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Jets, Wakes, and Impingement Cooling

Three-Dimensional Investigation of a Laminar Impinging Square Jet Interaction With Cross-Flow

[+] Author and Article Information
L. B. Y. Aldabbagh, I. Sezai

Mechanical Engineering Dept., Eastern Mediterranean University, G. Magosa, Mersin 10, Turkey

A. A. Mohamad

Dept. of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, The University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, T2N 1N4, Canada

J. Heat Transfer 125(2), 243-249 (Mar 21, 2003) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1561815 History: Received March 27, 2002; Revised November 14, 2002; Online March 21, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
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References

Goldstein,  R. J., and Behbahani,  A. I., 1982, “Impingement of a Circular Jet With and Without Cross Flow,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 25, pp. 1377–1382.
Barata,  J. M. M., Durao,  D. F. G., and Heitor,  M. V., 1991, “Impingement of Single and Twin Turbulent Jets Through a Crossflow,” AIAA J., 29(4), pp. 595–602.
Barata,  J. M. M., 1996, “Fountain Flows Produced by Multiple Impinging Jets in a Crossflow,” AIAA J., 34(12), pp. 2523–2530.
Chuang,  S. H., Chen,  M. H., Lii,  S. W., and Tai,  F. M., 1992, “Numerical Simulation of Twin-jet Impingement on a Flat Plate Coupled With Cross-Flow,” Int. J. Numer. Methods Fluids, 14, pp. 459–475.
Kim,  S. W., and Benson,  T. J., 1993, “Fluid Flow of a Row of Jets in Crossflow—A Numerical Study,” AIAA J., 31(5), pp. 806–811.
Kercher,  D. M., and Tabakoff,  W., 1970, “Heat Transfer by a Square Array of Round Air Jets Impinging Perpendicular to a Flat Surface Including the Effect of Spent Air,” ASME J. Eng. Power, 92, pp. 73–82.
Obot,  N. T., and Trabold,  T. A., 1987, “Impingement Heat Transfer Within Arrays of Circular Jets: Part 1—Effects of Minimum Intermediate, and Complete Crossflow for Small and Large Spacings,” ASME J. Heat Transfer , 109, pp. 872–879.
Al-Sanea,  S., 1992, “A Numerical Study of the Flow and Heat Transfer Characteristics of an Impinging Laminar Slot Jet Including Crossflow Effects,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 35(10), pp. 2501–2513.
Kelso,  R. M., Lim,  T. T., and Perry,  A. E., 1996, “An Experimental Study of Round Jets in Cross-Flow,” J. Fluid Mech., 306, pp. 111–144.
Gogineni,  S., Goss,  L., and Roquemore,  M., 1998, “Manipulation of a Jet in a Crossflow,” Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci., 16, pp. 209–219.
Leonard,  B. P., 1979, “A Stable and Accurate Convective Modelling Procedure Based on Quadratic Upstream Interpolation,” Comput. Methods Appl. Mech. Eng., 19, pp. 59–98.
Leonard,  B. P., and Mokhtari,  S., 1990, “Beyond First Order Upwinding: The ULTRA-SHARP Alternative for Nonoscillatory Steady-State Simulation of Convection,” Int. J. Numer. Methods Eng., 30, pp. 729–766.
Leonard,  B. P., and Drummond,  J. E., 1995, “Why you should not use ‘Hybrid,’ ‘Power Law’ or related Exponential schemes for convective modelling. There are much better alternatives,” Int. J. Numer. Methods Fluids, 20, pp. 421–442.
Van der Vorst,  H. A. V., 1989, “BICGSTAB: A Fast and Smoothly Converging Variant of Bi-CG for the Solution of Non-Symmetric Linear Systems,” SIAM (Soc. Ind. Appl. Math.) J. Sci. Stat. Comput., 10, pp. 1174–1185.
Saad, Y., 1996, Iterative Methods for Sparse Linear Systems, PSW Publ. Co., Boston.
Van Doormaal,  J. P., and Raithby,  G. D., 1984, “Enhancements of the SIMPLE Method for Predicting Incompressible Fluid Flows,” Numer. Heat Transfer, 7, pp. 147–163.
Abdon, A., and Sunden, B., 2001, “Numerical Simulation of Impinging Jet Heat Transfer in the Presence of Crossflow,” Proc. 2nd Int. Conf. On Adv. Compu. Heat Transfer, Australia, 1 , pp. 631–638.
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Fric,  T. F., and Roshko,  A., 1994, “Vortical Structure in the Wake of a Transverse Jet,” J. Fluid Mech., 279, pp. 1–47.
Sezai,  I., and Mohamad,  A. A., 1999, “3-D Simulation of Laminar Rectangular Impinging Jets, Flow Structure and Heat Transfer,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 121, pp. 50–56.
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Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Definitions of geometric parameters and the coordinate system
Grahic Jump Location
Projection of flow lines on mid x-z plane for Re=200, and R=2.5 at jet-to-plate spacing (a) Az=2, (b) Az=4, and (c) Az=6
Grahic Jump Location
Projection of flow lines for Re=200,Az=6, and R=2.5 at vertical cross sections of (a) X=14.5, (b) X=15, (c) X=16.8, (d) X=18, and (e) X=27
Grahic Jump Location
Projection of flow lines for Re=200,Az=6, and R=2.5 on horizontal cross section at (a) Z=5.4, (b) Z=4.2, (c) Z=3, and (d) Z=0.6
Grahic Jump Location
The three-dimensional plots of the W-velocity for Re=200,Az=6, and R=2.5 at the horizontal cross section Z=1.8
Grahic Jump Location
Projection of flow lines on mid x-z plane for Re=300,Az=1, and for jet to cross-flow velocity ratio (a) R=0.5, (b) R=1.0, (c) R=1.5, (d) R=2.5, (e) R=5, (f) R=7.5, and (g) R=10
Grahic Jump Location
Projection of flow lines for Re=300,Az=1, and R=7.5 at vertical cross sections of (a) X=12.3, (b) X=13.5, (c) X=15, (d) X=16, and (e) X=18
Grahic Jump Location
Projection of flow lines for Re=300,Az=1, and R=7.5 on horizontal cross section at (a) Z=0.9, (b) Z=0.5, (c) Z=0.3, and (d) Z=0.05
Grahic Jump Location
The three-dimensional plot of the Nusselt number for Re=300,Az=1, and R=7.5
Grahic Jump Location
Effect of jet to cross-flow velocity ratio on Nusselt number variation for Re=300 and Az=1
Grahic Jump Location
Effect of Reynolds number on local Nusselt number for Az=1 and R=2.5
Grahic Jump Location
Effect of aspect ratio Az on Nusselt number variation in x-direction for Re=200, and R=2.5
Grahic Jump Location
The three-dimensional plot of the Nusselt number for Re=200,Az=6, and R=2.5

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