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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Heat Pipes

The Effects of Air Infiltration on a Large Flat Heat Pipe at Horizontal and Vertical Orientations

[+] Author and Article Information
M. Cerza, B. Boughey

US Naval Academy, Mechanical Engineering Department, Annapolis, MD 21402

J. Heat Transfer 125(2), 349-355 (Mar 21, 2003) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1532020 History: Received July 12, 2001; Revised May 13, 2002; Online March 21, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
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References

Tanzer, H. J., 1983, “High Capacity Honeycomb Panel Heat Pipes for Space Radiators,” AIAA-83-1430, AIAA 18th Thermophysics Conference, Montreal, CN.
Tanzer, H. J., Fleischman, G. L., and Rankin, J. G., 1985, “Honeycomb Panel Heat Pipe Development for Space Radiators,” AIAA-85-0978, AIAA 20th Thermophysics Conference, Williamsburg, VA.
Rankin, J. G., 1984, “Integration and Flight Demonstration of a High-Capacity Monogroove Heat-Pipe Radiator,” AIAA-84-1716, AIAA 19th Thermophysics Conference, Snowmass, CO.
Tanzer, H. J., Cerza, M. R., and Hall, J. B., 1986, “High Capacity Demonstration of Honeycomb Panel Heat Pipes,” 16th Intersociety Conference on Environmental Systems, San Diego, CA.
Marcus, B. D., 1972, “Theory and Design of Variable Conductance Heat Pipes,” NASA Report NAS 2-5503.
Marcus, B. D., and Fleischman, G. L., 1970, “Steady State and Transient Performance of Hot Reservoir Gas-Controlled Heat Pipes,” ASME Paper No. NAS2-5503.
Kobayashi,  Y., Okumura,  A., and Matsue,  T., 1991, “Effect of Gravity and Non-condensable Gas Levels on Condensation in Variable Conductance Heat Pipes,” J. Thermophys. Heat Transfer, 5(1), pp. 61–68.
Peterson,  P. F., and Tien,  C. L., 1990, “Mixed Double-Diffusive Convection in Gas-Loaded Heat Pipes,” J. Heat Transfer , 112(1), pp. 78–83.
Peterson, P. F., Elkouh, N., Lee, K. W., and Tien, C. L., 1989, “Flow Instability and Bifurcation in Variable-Conductance Thermosyphons,” ASME HTD v115, pp. 1–6.
Boughey, B., Cerza, M., and Lindler, K. W., 1999, “Flat Heat Pipe Design, Construction and Analysis,” Paper No. 1999-01-2527, 34th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference, Vancouver, British Columbia, CANADA.
Boughey, B., 1999, “Design, Construction and Analysis of a Flat Heat Pipe,” USNA Trident Scholar Report No. 261.

Figures

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Schematic of a TPV conversion system
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A variable conductance heat pipe
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Heat pipe cross section
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Thermocouple locations [ii]
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Comparison of data to flat profile Theory 1
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Comparison of data to flat profile Theory 2
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Horizontal, 200 W, large air
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Horizontal, 200 W, small air
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Horizontal, 500 W, large air
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Horizontal, 450 W, small air
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Horizontal, 800 W, large air
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Horizontal, 800 W, small air
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Vertical, 200 W, large air
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Vertical, 200 W, small air
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Vertical, 400 W, large air
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Vertical, 400 W, small air
Grahic Jump Location
Vertical, 800 W, large air
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Vertical, 800 W, small air

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