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TECHNICAL NOTES

The Effect of a Cationic Surfactant on Turbulent Flow Patterns

[+] Author and Article Information
G. Hetsroni, A. Mosyak

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000, Israel

Y. Talmon

Department of Chemical Engineering, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000, Israel

A. Bernheim-Groswasser

Department of Chemical Engineering, Ben Gurion University, Beer-Sheba 84105, Israel

J. L. Zakin

Ohio State University, Department of Chemical Engineering, Columbus, OH 43210, U.S.A.

J. Heat Transfer 125(5), 947-950 (Sep 23, 2003) (4 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1609482 History: Received August 30, 2002; Revised June 18, 2003; Online September 23, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
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References

Virk,  P. S., 1975, “Drag Reduction Fundamentals,” AIChE J., 21, pp. 625–656.
Chara,  Z., Zakin,  J. L., Severa,  M., and Myska,  J., 1993, “Turbulence Measurements of Drag Reducing Surfactant Systems,” Exp. Fluids, 16, pp. 36–41.
Gasljevic,  K., and Matthys,  E. F., 1997, “Experimental Investigation of Thermal and Hydrodynamic Development Regions for Drag Reducing Surfactant Solutions,” J. Heat Transfer , 119, pp. 80–88.
Kawaguchi, Y., Tawaraya, Y., Yabe, A., Hishida, K., and Maeda, M., 1996, “Turbulent Transport Mechanism in Drag Reducing Flow With Surfactant Additive Investigated by Two Component LDV,” in Eighth International Symposium on Applications of Laser Techniques to Fluid Mechanics, 2 , July 8–11, Lisbon, Portugal, pp. 29.4.1–29.4.7.
Warholic,  M. D., Schmidt,  G. M., and Hanratty,  T. J., 1999, “The Influence of a Drag-Reducing Surfactant on a Turbulent Velocity Field,” J. Fluid Mech., 388, pp. 1–20.
Donohue,  G. L., Tiederman,  W. G., and Reischman,  W. G., 1972, “Flow Visualization of the Near-Wall Region in Drag-Reducing Flow,” J. Fluid Mech., 56, pp. 559–575.
Achia,  B. U., and Thompson,  D. W., 1977, “Structure of the Turbulent Boundary in Drag-Reducing Pipe Flow,” J. Fluid Mech., 81, pp. 439–464.
Hetsroni,  G., Zakin,  J. L., and Mosyak,  A., 1997, “Low-Speed Streaks in Drag-Reduced Turbulent Flow,” Phys. Fluids, 9, pp. 2397–2404.
Talmon, Y., 1999, “Cryogenic Temperature Transmission Electron Microscopy in the Study of Surfactant Systems,” Modern Characterization Methods of Surfactants Systems, B. P. Binks, Editor, Marcel Dekker, NY, pp 147–178, Chap. 6.
Lu,  B., Zheng,  Y., Scriven,  L. E., Davis,  H. T., Talmon,  Y., and Zakin,  J. L., 1998, “Effect of Variations Counterion-to-Surfactant Ratio on Rheology and Microstructures of Drag Reducing Cationic Surfactant Systems,” Rheol. Acta, 37, pp. 528–548.
Evans, F. E., and Wennerström, H., 1999, The Colloidal Domain, 2nd ed., VCH, New York.
Zheng,  Y., Lin,  Z., Zakin,  J. L., Talmon,  Y., Davis,  H. T., and Scriven,  L. E., 2000, “Cryo-TEM Imaging the Flow-Induced Transition From Vesikles to Threadlike Micelles,” J. Phys. Chem. B, 104(22), pp. 5263–5271.
Iritani, Y., Kasagi, N., and Hirata, N., 1983, “Heat Transfer Mechanism and Associated Turbulence Structure in the Near Wall Region of a Turbulent Boundary Layer,” in Fourth Symposium of Turbulent Shear Flows, 12–14 September 1983, Karslruhe, F.R. Germany.
Oldaker,  O. K., and Tiederman,  W. G., 1977, “Spatial Structure of the Viscous Sublayer in Drag-Reducing Channel Flow,” Phys. Fluids, 20(10), pp. 133–144.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Loop of rectangular channel (1-tank, 2-pump, 3-control valve, 4-flow meter, 5-strainghtener, 6-development section, 7-test section, 8-IR camera, 9-outlet section, 10-heat exchanger)
Grahic Jump Location
Test section (1-top of the channel, 2-stainless steel strip, 3-window, 4-bottom of the channel, 5-IR camera)
Grahic Jump Location
Microstructure of the 530 ppm Habon G solution: (a) threadlike micelles; and (b) vesicles.
Grahic Jump Location
Thermal pattern on the heated wall: (a) Flow of 530 ppm Habon G solution; and (b) Flow of water.
Grahic Jump Location
Relationship between dimensionless streak spacing and wall shear velocity (•-present study; ▪-Donohue et al. (1972); and ▾-Achia and Thompson (1977))

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