Eckelmann,
H., 1974, “The Structure of the Viscous Sublayer and the Adjacent Wall Region in a Turbulent Channel Flow,” J. Fluid Mech., 65, pp. 439–459.

Hussain,
A. K. M. F., and Reynolds,
W. C., 1975, “Measurements in Fully Developed Turbulent Channel Flow,” J. Fluids Eng., 97, pp. 568.

Kreplin,
H.-P., and Eckelmann,
H., 1979, “Behavior of the Three Fluctuating Velocity Components in the Wall Region of a Turbulent Channel Flow,” Phys. Fluids, 22(7), pp. 1233–1239.

Kim,
J., Moin,
P., and Moser,
R., 1987, “Turbulence Statistics in Fully Developed Channel Flow at Low Reynolds Number,” J. Fluid Mech., 177, pp. 133–166.

Moser,
R. D., Kim,
J., and Mansour,
N. N., 1999, “Direct Numerical Simulation of Turbulent Channel Flow Up to Re_{τ}=590,” Phys. Fluids, 11, pp. 943–945.

Abe,
H., Kawamura,
H., and Matsuo,
Y., 2001, “Direct Numerical Simulation of a Fully Developed Turbulent Channel Flow With Respect to the Reynolds Number Dependence,” J. Fluids Eng., 123, pp. 382–393.

Lundbladh,
A., and Johansson,
A. V., 1991, “Direct Simulation of Turbulent Spots in Plane Couette Flow,” J. Fluid Mech., 229, pp. 499–516.

Daviaud,
F., Hegseth,
J., and Bergé,
P., 1992, “Subcritical Transition to Turbulence in Plane Couette Flow,” Phys. Rev. Lett., 69, pp. 2511–2514.

Malerud,
S., Maloy,
K. J., and Goldburg,
W. I., 1995, “Measurement of Turbulent Velocity Fluctuations in a Planar Couette Cell,” Phys. Fluids, 7, pp. 1949–1955.

Lee, H. J., and Kim, J., 1991, “The Structure of Turbulence in a Simulated Plane Couette Flow,” in Paper 5-3, *Proc. 8th Symposium on Turbulent Shear Flows*, Munich.

Bech,
K. H., Tillmark,
N., Alfredsson,
P. H., and Andersson,
Helge I., 1995, “An Investigation of Turbulent Plane Couette Flow at Low Reynolds Numbers,” J. Fluid Mech., 286, pp. 291–325.

Komminaho,
J., Lundbladh,
A., and Johansson,
A. V., 1996, “Very Large Structures In Plane Turbulent Couette Flow,” J. Fluid Mech., 320, pp. 259–285.

Papavassiliou,
D. V., and Hanratty,
T. J., 1997, “Interpretation of Large-Scale Structures Observed in a Turbulent Plane Couette Flow,” Int. J. Heat Fluid Flow, 18, pp. 55–69.

Bech,
K. H., and Andersson,
H. I., 1996, “Secondary Flow in Weakly Rotating Turbulent Plane Couette Flow,” J. Fluid Mech., 317, pp. 195–214.

Bech,
K. H., and Andersson,
H. I., 1997, “Turbulent Plane Couette Flow Subject to Strong System Rotation,” J. Fluid Mech., 347, pp. 289–314.

Sullivan,
P. P., McWilliams,
J. C., and Moeng,
C.-H., 2000, “Simulation of Turbulent Flow Over Idealized Water Waves,” J. Fluid Mech., 404, pp. 47–85.

Kim, J., and Moin, P., 1989, “Transport of Passive Scalar in a Turbulent Channel Flow,” *Turbulent Shear Flow* J.-C. Andre, J. Cousteix, F. Durst, B. E. Launder, F. W. Schmidt, and J. H. Whitelaw, eds., Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 6 , pp. 85–96.

Kasagi,
N., Tomita,
Y., and Kuroda,
A., 1992, “Direct Numerical Simulation of Passive Scalar Field in a Turbulent Channel Flow,” Journal of Heat Transfer, 114, pp. 598–606.

Kasagi,
N., and Shikazono,
N., 1995, “Contribution of Direct Numerical Simulation to Understanding and Modelling Turbulent Transport,” Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. A, 451, pp. 257–292.

Kawamura,
H., Ohsaka,
K., Abe,
H., and Yamamoto,
K., 1998, “DNS of Turbulent Heat Transfer in Channel Flow With Low to Medium-High Prandtl Number Fluid,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 19, pp. 482–491.

Kawamura,
H., Abe,
H., and Matsuo,
Y., 1999, “DNS of Turbulent Heat Transfer in Channel Flow With Respect to Reynolds and Prandtl Number Effects,” Int. J. Heat Fluid Flow, 20, pp. 196–207.

Na,
Y., and Hanratty,
T. J., 2000, “Limiting Behavior of Turbulent Scalar Transport Close to a Wall,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 43, pp. 1749–1758.

Tiselj,
I., Bergant,
R., Mavko,
B., Bajsic,
I., and Hetsroni,
G., 2001, “DNS of Turbulent Heat Transfer in Channel Flow With Heat Conduction in the Solid Wall,” J. Heat Transfer, 123, pp. 849–857.

Torii,
S., and Yang,
W.-J., 1997, “Heat Transfer Analysis of Turbulent Parallel Couette Flows Using Anisotropic k−ε Model,” Numer. Heat Transfer, Part A, 31, pp. 223–234.

Liu,
C.-H., and Leung,
D. Y. C., 2001, “Development of a Finite Element Solution for the Unsteady Navier-Stokes Equations Using Projection Method and Fractional-θ-Scheme,” Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 190(32–33), pp. 4301–4317.

Liu, C.-H., 2001, “A Cubic Finite Element Solution to the Unsteady Incompressible Navier-Stokes Equations,” Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, submitted.

Warsi, Z. U. A., 1992, *Fluid Dynamics: Theoretical and Computational Approaches*, CRC Press.

Žukauskas, A., and Šlančiauskas, A., 1987, *Heat Transfer in Turbulent Fluid Flows*, Hémisphere Publishing Corporation.

Yamamoto,
Y., Kunugi,
T., and Serizawa,
A., 2001, “Turbulence Statistics and Scalar Transport in an Open-Channel Flow,” Journal of Turbulence, 2, pp. 1–16.

Aydin,
E. M., and Leutheusser,
H. I., 1991, “Plane-Couette Flow Between Smooth and Rough Walls,” Exp. Fluids, 11, pp. 302–312.

Handler,
R. A., Saylor,
J. R., Leighton,
R. I., and Rovelstad,
A. L., 1999, “Transport of a Passive Scalar at a Shear-Free Boundary in Fully Developed Turbulent Open Channel Flow,” Phys. Fluids, 11(9), pp. 2607–2625.

Calmet,
I., and Magnaudet,
J., 1997, “Large-Eddy Simulation of High-Schmidt Number Mass Transfer in a Turbulent Channel Flow,” Phys. Fluids, 9(2), pp. 438–455.

Wang,
W.-P., and Pletcher,
R. H., 1996, “On the Large Eddy Simulation of a Turbulent Channel Flow With Significant Heat Transfer,” Phys. Fluids, 8(12), pp. 3354–3366.

Cabot, W., and Moin, P., 1993, “Large Eddy Simulation of Scalar Transport With the Dynamic Subgrid-Scale Model,” *Large Eddy Simulation of Complex Engineering and Geophysical Flow*, Boris Galperin and Steven A. Orszag, eds., Cambridge University Press, New York, pp. 141–158.